doves in alaska

beautiful 6 doves in alaska

In the majestic wilderness of Alaska, where untouched landscapes stretch as far as the eye can see, a captivating sight graces the skies and warms the hearts of those fortunate enough to witness it: beautiful 6 doves in alaska. Against the backdrop of rugged mountains and pristine glaciers, these graceful creatures paint a picture of serenity and beauty that seems almost otherworldly. Their soft coos harmonize with the gentle whispers of the wind, creating a symphony of nature’s finest melodies. Join me as we embark on a journey to discover the enchanting story of these beautiful 6 doves in alaska, a tale that speaks to the remarkable harmony between the untamed Alaskan wilderness and the delicate creatures that call it home.

Observing the enchanting beauty of the six doves in Alaska requires a delicate balance between respect for their natural habitat and a desire to witness their grace. Here are some best practices and tips to ensure a memorable and responsible experience:

  1. Choose the Right Time and Place: Research the best seasons and locations for dove sightings in Alaska. These doves may migrate or display different behaviors depending on the time of year and specific regions.
  2. Binoculars and Cameras: Bring a pair of high-quality binoculars and a camera with a good zoom lens to appreciate the doves’ beauty without disturbing their environment.
  3. Patience and Stillness: Doves can be easily spooked, so approach their habitat quietly and remain still while observing. Avoid sudden movements or loud noises that could disrupt their natural behaviors.
  4. Respect Their Space: Maintain a safe distance from the doves to avoid causing stress or interfering with their activities. Use binoculars or a zoom lens to get a closer look without intruding.
  5. Observe from a Hidden Spot: Find a concealed vantage point, such as behind rocks or vegetation, where you can observe the doves without being too conspicuous. This helps them feel more at ease.
  6. Stay on Designated Trails: Stick to established trails and paths to minimize your impact on the ecosystem. Avoid trampling vegetation or disturbing other wildlife in the area.
  7. Learn Their Behaviors: Educate yourself about the behavior and habits of the specific dove species you’re observing. This knowledge will enhance your appreciation and understanding of their actions.
  8. Time of Day Matters: Many doves are more active during early mornings or late afternoons. Plan your observation sessions during these times to increase your chances of witnessing their captivating displays.
  9. Weather Awareness: Be prepared for Alaska’s ever-changing weather. Dress in layers, bring rain gear, and wear sturdy footwear to ensure your comfort during extended observation sessions.
  10. Respect Local Regulations: Familiarize yourself with any rules or guidelines set by local authorities or conservation organizations to protect the doves and their habitat. Adhering to these regulations ensures a positive impact on the environment.
  11. Minimize Human Scent: Doves have keen senses of smell. Minimize your scent by using unscented products and avoiding strong perfumes or colognes.
  12. Pack Out What You Bring In: Leave no trace of your presence. Ensure that you carry out all your trash and belongings, leaving the area as pristine as you found it.

By following these best practices and tips, you can enjoy a truly rewarding experience observing the beautiful six doves in Alaska while contributing to their conservation and the preservation of their remarkable habitat.

list of 6 doves in alaska

  1. Oriental Turtle-dove
  2. Rock Dove
  3. Band-tailed Pigeon
  4. Mourning Dove
  5. Eurasian Collared-dove
  6. White-winged dove

1. Oriental Turtle-dove

oriental turtle dove
oriental turtle dove

scientific name : Streptopelia orientalis

size: The Oriental Turtle-Dove is approximately 28 to 31 centimeters (11 to 12 inches) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape: The Oriental Turtle-Dove is a medium-sized dove with a plump body, relatively long tail, and rounded wings.
  2. Coloration: In its breeding plumage, the Oriental Turtle-Dove has a pale grayish-pink body with a distinctive rufous patch on the neck and upper breast. The back and wings are a slightly darker gray. Its tail feathers have a distinctive black and white pattern.
  3. Face and Head: The face of the Oriental Turtle-Dove is pale and often contrasts with the rufous patch on the neck. The eyes are dark, and the bill is relatively short and straight.


  1. Forests and Woodlands: Oriental Turtle Doves can be found in both deciduous and coniferous forests, as well as mixed woodlands. They often inhabit the edges of these forests, where they have access to both open areas for foraging and sheltered areas for nesting.
  2. Agricultural Land: These doves are often seen in farmlands, fields, and rural areas where they can find grains, seeds, and other food sources. They are known to visit agricultural fields to feed on crops like grains, sunflower seeds, and other plant matter.
  3. Urban and Suburban Areas: Oriental Turtle Doves are adaptable and can be found in urban and suburban environments, particularly if there are suitable food sources available. They may frequent parks, gardens, and other green spaces within cities and towns.
  4. Riverbanks and Wetlands: In some regions, Oriental Turtle Doves may inhabit areas near water bodies such as rivers, ponds, and wetlands. These habitats can provide access to water for drinking and bathing, as well as opportunities to find insects and other aquatic food sources.
  5. Grasslands and Scrublands: In certain parts of their range, these doves can be found in open grasslands, scrublands, and areas with scattered shrubs. They may use such habitats for foraging and nesting.
  6. Migration Stopovers: Oriental Turtle Doves are migratory birds, and during their migration, they can be spotted in a variety of habitats along their route. These habitats might include coastal areas, estuaries, and resting spots.


  1. Seeds and Grains: A significant portion of the Oriental Turtle Dove’s diet is composed of seeds and grains. They feed on a variety of plant seeds, including those from grasses, shrubs, and agricultural crops. In agricultural areas, they may consume cereal grains like rice, wheat, barley, and millet.
  2. Fruits: These doves also consume various fruits when they are in season. They may feed on berries, small fruits, and fruiting trees. Fruits provide essential nutrients and moisture to their diet.
  3. Vegetative Matter: Oriental Turtle Doves might nibble on various vegetative materials such as leaves, buds, and young shoots, especially if they are in search of tender and easily digestible food sources.
  4. Crops and Agricultural Fields: In regions where they share habitats with human agricultural activities, Oriental Turtle Doves may forage in fields, feeding on crops like rice, millet, sunflower seeds, and other cultivated plants.
  5. Human-Provided Food: These doves can adapt to urban environments and may feed on bird feeders, particularly if they contain seeds or grains that are part of their natural diet.

lifespan: The average lifespan of an Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis) in the wild is generally around 3 to 5 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of an Oriental Turtle Dove (Streptopelia orientalis) typically ranges from about 40 to 45 centimeters (approximately 15.7 to 17.7 inches).


  1. Cooing Call: The most well-known and characteristic sound of the Oriental Turtle Dove is its soft and rhythmic cooing call. This call is often described as a series of gentle coos that gradually increase in pitch and then taper off. It is commonly heard during the breeding season as males use it to attract females and establish territories.
  2. Advertising Coo: During the mating season, male Oriental Turtle Doves produce a unique advertising coo that is used to advertise their presence and attract potential mates. This call is a bit more elaborate than the typical cooing call and is designed to impress nearby females.
  3. Alarm Call: When alarmed or threatened, Oriental Turtle Doves may emit a rapid and repetitive “tut-tut-tut” call. This call is often used to signal potential danger to other doves nearby.
  4. Flight Call: As these doves take flight, they might emit a distinctive “whistle” or “whoo” sound. This sound is short and high-pitched, often heard when doves are in motion.
  5. Nesting Calls: While engaged in nesting activities, including incubation and feeding of chicks, Oriental Turtle Doves may make soft clucking or chattering sounds as they communicate with their mate or young ones.
  6. Contact Calls: Oriental Turtle Doves also use softer, more subdued contact calls to communicate with each other while foraging or moving about in their habitat.


  1. Breeding Season (Spring to Summer): The breeding season for Oriental Turtle Doves typically occurs during the spring and summer months. This is when they establish territories, court potential mates, and build nests. The cooing calls of males become more pronounced as they try to attract females. Nesting sites are chosen in various locations, including trees, shrubs, and human-made structures. Females lay eggs, and both parents take turns incubating them. They feed their chicks on a diet of regurgitated food until the young birds are ready to fledge.
  2. Migration Season (Autumn and Spring): Oriental Turtle Doves are migratory birds, and they undertake long-distance migrations between their breeding and wintering grounds. In autumn, they embark on southward migrations to warmer regions where food is more abundant. These migratory journeys can be extensive, covering thousands of kilometers. In spring, they make the return journey to their breeding grounds.
  3. Wintering Season (Late Autumn to Winter): During the winter months, Oriental Turtle Doves migrate to their wintering grounds, often in more temperate and lowland areas. These locations provide them with access to food resources that might not be available in their breeding habitats during the colder months. They form flocks with other doves and may share wintering areas with other bird species.

2. Rock Dove

rock dove
rock dove

scientific name : Columba livia

size: The size of a rock dove, also known as a pigeon, in Alaska is typically around 11 to 13 inches (28 to 33 cm) in length

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape: Rock doves are medium-sized birds with a plump body, short legs, and a relatively long tail. They have a rounded head and a small, dark bill.
  2. Coloration: Rock doves have a wide range of color variations, but they generally have a mix of gray, white, and black feathers. Their wings often display two distinct black bars. In some individuals, you may see iridescent patches on the neck and head.
  3. Head and Neck: The head is often bluish-gray, and there might be a light crescent-shaped patch on the nape of the neck. The neck and breast are usually lighter in color than the back.


  1. Urban Areas: Rock doves are highly adaptable and are often found in cities, towns, and villages throughout Alaska. They are known for roosting and nesting on buildings, ledges, bridges, and other structures. Urban areas provide them with a consistent food supply and shelter.
  2. Coastal Regions: Along the coastline, rock doves may inhabit cliffs, rocky shores, and piers. Coastal areas can provide suitable nesting sites and access to marine food sources.
  3. Agricultural Land: Rock doves are often attracted to agricultural areas where they can scavenge for grains and seeds. Farms, fields, and pastures can provide them with ample food resources.
  4. Suburban Environments: Suburban neighborhoods with a mix of residential buildings, parks, and green spaces also attract rock doves. They might nest in eaves and other sheltered locations on houses.
  5. Human-Altered Habitats: Any human-altered landscape with structures for perching and nesting, as well as a reliable food source, can serve as suitable habitat for rock doves.


The diet of rock doves, or pigeons, in Alaska is quite diverse and adaptable. They are known to consume a variety of food sources, including:

  1. Grains and Seeds: Rock doves primarily feed on grains and seeds, such as wheat, barley, corn, and sunflower seeds. They are often attracted to agricultural fields and areas with abundant seed resources.
  2. Human Food: These birds are opportunistic feeders and often scavenge for food scraps in urban and suburban areas. They might feed on discarded bread, pastries, and other human-related food items.
  3. Fruits and Berries: Rock doves may eat fruits and berries when available, especially during the warmer months. They might feed on berries from shrubs and trees in urban parks and gardens.
  4. Insects: While plant matter makes up the majority of their diet, rock doves also consume small insects and invertebrates, particularly during the breeding season when they need additional protein for raising their young.
  5. Food from Bird Feeders: In residential areas, rock doves may visit bird feeders to consume seeds intended for other bird species. This can include various types of birdseed mixes.
  6. Human Waste and Debris: Unfortunately, rock doves may also scavenge through garbage and waste, which can lead to conflicts in urban environments.

lifespan: The lifespan of a rock dove, also known as a pigeon, in Alaska is typically around 3 to 5 years in the wild.

wingspan: The wingspan of a rock dove, or pigeon, in Alaska typically ranges from about 18 to 24 inches (46 to 61 centimeters).


  1. Cooing Call: Rock doves are well-known for their soft and rhythmic cooing call, often described as “coo-COO-coo.” This call is commonly heard during courtship and while perched on buildings or other structures.
  2. Nesting Calls: When rock doves are near their nests, they might produce a series of gentle coos or murmurs as a way of communicating with their mate or potential predators.
  3. Alarm Call: In response to potential threats or disturbances, rock doves may emit a rapid series of short, sharp coos or repetitive cooing to alert other doves in the area.
  4. Flight Whistle: As they take off into flight, the wings of rock doves create a distinctive whistling sound. This sound is often heard when they launch from a perch or while flying in groups.
  5. Communication Calls: Rock doves also use a range of soft coos and grunts to communicate with each other, establish territory, and maintain social connections within their flock.


  1. Spring: During spring, rock doves engage in courtship and nesting activities. They may be more active and vocal as they establish territories and search for suitable nesting sites on buildings, ledges, and other structures.
  2. Summer: In summer, rock doves continue their nesting and breeding activities. They raise their young and are often seen foraging for food in urban and suburban areas.
  3. Fall: During the fall, rock doves may continue to breed and raise young, but their behavior might start shifting as they prepare for the upcoming colder months.
  4. Winter: In winter, rock doves remain in their established territories and continue to scavenge for food in urban areas. They are well-equipped to handle cold temperatures and can often be found seeking sheltered spots on buildings.

3. Band-tailed Pigeon

band tailed pigeon
band tailed pigeon

scientific name : Patagioenas fasciata

size: The Band-tailed Pigeon typically measures around 13 to 16 inches (33 to 41 centimeters) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape: It is a medium-sized pigeon with a plump body, a relatively long tail, and a small head. The tail is broad and square at the tip.
  2. Coloration: Adult Band-tailed Pigeons have a generally grayish body with a distinct light-colored band on the tail, which gives the bird its name. The coloration can vary, but they often have a purplish hue on the neck and chest.
  3. Head and Face: The head is relatively small in proportion to the body. It has a pale, almost pinkish face with a darker crown.
  4. Eyes: The eyes are usually dark with a distinct light eye ring.
  5. Bill: The bill is relatively short and slender, often a dark color.


  1. Montane Forests: They are frequently spotted in coniferous forests of mountainous regions. These areas provide suitable roosting and nesting sites, as well as a source of food.
  2. Deciduous Forests: They can also be found in deciduous forests, especially those with a mix of tree species. These habitats offer a diverse range of food sources.
  3. Mixed Woodlands: Band-tailed Pigeons are adaptable and can be seen in mixed woodlands that include both coniferous and deciduous trees.
  4. Oak Woodlands: In some regions, they are known to frequent oak woodlands and oak savannas, where they feed on acorns and other fruits.
  5. Canyons and Gorges: They may inhabit rugged terrains such as canyons and gorges, often utilizing these areas for roosting and nesting sites.
  6. Agricultural Areas: Band-tailed Pigeons can also be found in agricultural landscapes, particularly near fields, orchards, and other areas where they can feed on crops and fruits.
  7. Coastal Regions: Along the western coasts of North America, they can inhabit coastal forests and adjacent habitats.


  1. Fruits: They consume a variety of fruits, such as berries, cherries, acorns, and other tree fruits. These make up a significant portion of their diet, especially during the breeding season when they need to nourish themselves and their young.
  2. Seeds: In addition to fruits, they also eat seeds, particularly those from various plants and trees.
  3. Grains: In agricultural areas, Band-tailed Pigeons may feed on grains and crops such as wheat, barley, and oats.
  4. Insects: While fruits and seeds are their primary food sources, Band-tailed Pigeons also consume insects and other small invertebrates on occasion. This is especially true during the breeding season when they require additional protein for their growing chicks

lifespan: The lifespan of a Band-tailed Pigeon typically ranges from 6 to 10 years in the wild.

wingspan: The wingspan of a Band-tailed Pigeon typically ranges from about 24 to 29 inches (61 to 74 centimeters).


  1. Whoo-HOO-hoo: This is a distinctive and often melodious cooing call, with the emphasis on the second syllable. It can sound like “whoo-HOO-hoo” and is used for communication between individuals, especially during courtship and mating.
  2. Cooing Series: Band-tailed Pigeons may produce a series of coos, sometimes alternating between different pitches. These coos are often part of their courtship and communication behaviors.
  3. Flight Calls: When in flight, Band-tailed Pigeons may emit short, sharp calls that are often used to communicate with other pigeons in the flock.
  4. Alarm Calls: When they sense danger or become alarmed, they can produce rapid, repeated coos or other sharp calls to alert others in the vicinity.
  5. Nest Calls: While at the nest, Band-tailed Pigeons may emit soft, murmuring calls to communicate with their mates or chicks.


  1. Breeding Season: This season typically occurs in spring and early summer. During this time, Band-tailed Pigeons engage in courtship displays, mate selection, and nesting activities. They may establish territories and build nests in suitable tree branches or other elevated locations.
  2. Migration: Some populations of Band-tailed Pigeons undertake seasonal migrations, moving between different habitats in response to changing food availability and environmental conditions. The timing and extent of migrations can vary, but they often occur during the fall and spring.
  3. Non-Breeding Season: In the late summer and fall, after the breeding season, Band-tailed Pigeons may form large flocks as they search for food resources, particularly fruits and berries. These flocks can be quite conspicuous and are often seen in areas with abundant food.
  4. Winter: During the winter months, Band-tailed Pigeons may remain in their breeding range or migrate to lower elevations where food is more readily available. In some regions, they may also move to coastal areas or other habitats.

4. Mourning Dove

mourning dove
mourning dove

scientific name : Zenaida macroura

size: The mourning dove typically has a length of about 9 to 13 inches (23 to 33 cm).

how to identify:

  1. Size: Mourning doves are small to medium-sized birds, approximately 9 to 13 inches in length with a plump body and a long, tapered tail.
  2. Color: They have a soft, muted coloration. Their overall body color is a pale gray-brown with slightly darker wings and back. Their undersides are light pinkish-gray.
  3. Head: Look for a small, rounded head with a distinctive bluish-gray crown and a hint of iridescence.
  4. Eyes: Mourning doves have relatively large, dark eyes with a noticeable black crescent-shaped patch below each eye.
  5. Tail: Their long, pointed tail is a key feature. The outer tail feathers are white and make a noticeable “flash” when the bird takes flight.
  6. Bill: They possess a short, pointed bill that is somewhat darker at the tip.


  1. Open Woodlands: They often inhabit open woodlands with scattered trees and shrubs, where they can find both perching and foraging opportunities.
  2. Urban Areas: Mourning doves are adaptable and can be commonly seen in urban and suburban environments, including parks, gardens, and residential areas.
  3. Farmlands: Agricultural fields, including crop fields and pastures, provide a suitable habitat for mourning doves due to the availability of grains and seeds.
  4. Desert Scrub: In arid regions, they can be found in desert scrub, where they rely on plants that produce seeds for their diet.
  5. Grasslands: They can also inhabit grasslands and prairies, particularly those with scattered trees or shrubs for perching.
  6. Coastal Areas: Coastal habitats like beaches, dunes, and saltmarshes can provide suitable conditions for mourning doves.
  7. Edge Habitats: They are often found at the edges of different habitat types, where there is a mix of open space and vegetation.


  1. Seeds: Seeds are the mainstay of a mourning dove’s diet. They feed on a variety of seeds from plants such as grasses, weeds, and cultivated crops like sunflower, corn, wheat, millet, and others.
  2. Grains: They are particularly fond of grains and can often be seen foraging for fallen seeds in fields and open areas.
  3. Fruits: While seeds are their primary food source, mourning doves may also eat fruits such as berries when available.
  4. Insects: Though seeds form the bulk of their diet, mourning doves do consume small insects and invertebrates occasionally. Insects are particularly important during the breeding season, providing a source of protein for growing chicks.
  5. Water: Mourning doves do not drink water in the typical way birds do; instead, they “sip” by drawing water into their bills and then raising their heads to swallow.

lifespan: The lifespan of a mourning dove in the wild is typically around 1 to 3 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of a mourning dove typically ranges from 17 to 18 inches (43 to 46 centimeters).


  1. Cooing Call: The classic call of the mourning dove is a soft, melodic cooing that often sounds like “coo-oo, coo, coo.” The first note is higher in pitch and followed by a series of lower-pitched coos. This call is often associated with the species and is heard throughout their habitat.
  2. Wings Whistle: When the mourning dove takes off in flight, it produces a distinctive whistling sound created by the air rushing through its wing feathers. This sound is often described as a high-pitched “whooooooo.”
  3. Advertising Call: During courtship and breeding season, male mourning doves may produce an advertising call to attract females. This call is a soft, rhythmic cooing pattern that repeats several times.
  4. Alarm Call: When disturbed or threatened, mourning doves can emit a sharp “whit” or “flap” sound. This alarm call serves to alert other doves in the vicinity to potential danger.


Mourning doves are present in North America throughout the year, but their activity and behavior can vary based on the seasons. Here’s a breakdown of their seasonal patterns:

  1. Spring: In the spring, mourning doves engage in courtship and breeding. Males perform courtship displays, including puffing up their chests, cooing, and bowing. They may also engage in aerial displays to attract females. Breeding usually begins in the warmer months.
  2. Summer: During the summer months, mourning doves continue to breed and raise their young. They build simple nests in trees, shrubs, or on ledges, often using twigs and plant materials. They typically lay two eggs, and both parents share incubation duties.
  3. Fall: As the weather starts to cool, mourning doves begin to prepare for migration in some regions. While some populations are sedentary and remain in their habitats year-round, others may migrate southward to warmer areas for the winter.
  4. Winter: In regions where mourning doves are non-migratory or migrate only short distances, they can be seen throughout the winter. They continue to forage for seeds and other food sources, adapting to the colder conditions.

5. Eurasian Collared-dove

Eurasian Collared-Dove
Eurasian Collared-Dove

scientific name : Streptopelia decaocto

size: The Eurasian Collared-dove typically has a length of about 32 to 33 centimeters (12.6 to 13 inches)

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape: The Eurasian Collared-dove is a medium-sized bird with a plump body, long tail, and rounded wings. It has a relatively large head and a short, square-tipped tail.
  2. Coloration: The plumage of the Eurasian Collared-dove is predominantly pale gray or light brown, with a slightly pinkish hue on the chest and belly. The back and wings are a slightly darker gray. The tail is long and has a broad white terminal band.
  3. Collar: One of its distinct features is the black “collar” on the back of its neck, which gives the bird its name. This black crescent-shaped marking is often visible when the bird is seen from behind.
  4. Face and Features: The face of the Eurasian Collared-dove is pale and unmarked, with a small black spot behind the eye. It has a distinctive bright red eye with a thin white ring around it.


  1. Urban Areas: Eurasian Collared-doves are commonly found in urban and suburban environments. They are often seen perched on buildings, rooftops, telephone wires, and utility poles.
  2. Suburban Gardens: These doves are known to frequent gardens, parks, and residential areas, where they can find a mix of trees for perching and open spaces for foraging.
  3. Farmlands and Agricultural Areas: Eurasian Collared-doves can also be found in farmlands, fields, and agricultural areas where they feed on grains, seeds, and crops.
  4. Woodland Edges: They may be seen at the edges of woodlands, especially where there are clearings or fields nearby.
  5. Coastal Regions: In some regions, Eurasian Collared-doves can be found near coastal areas, particularly if there are suitable perching sites and food sources available.
  6. Human-Altered Landscapes: These doves have adapted well to human-altered landscapes and are often associated with human settlements due to the availability of food and shelter.


The Eurasian Collared-dove primarily feeds on a diet consisting of various plant materials, including:

  1. Seeds: Seeds are a major component of the Eurasian Collared-dove’s diet. They feed on a wide variety of seeds, including grains, cereals, and seeds from plants like sunflowers, millet, and other cultivated and wild plants.
  2. Grains: In agricultural areas, they often forage for grains such as wheat, barley, and oats in fields and farmyards.
  3. Fruits: They may also consume fruits when available, including berries and small fruits found in gardens or natural habitats.
  4. Flowers and Buds: Occasionally, they may feed on flower buds and small plant parts.
  5. Human Food Sources: Eurasian Collared-doves are known to visit bird feeders and feeding stations where they can consume various types of birdseed provided by humans.

lifespan: The lifespan of a Eurasian Collared-dove in the wild is typically around 3 to 5 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of a Eurasian Collared-dove typically ranges from about 47 to 55 centimeters (18.5 to 21.7 inches).

calls: The Eurasian Collared-dove is known for its distinctive and repetitive three-part cooing call. The call can be described phonetically as “coo-COO-coo.” This vocalization is often repeated several times in succession and is a common sound in the areas where these doves are present. The call is soothing and rhythmic, and it is often used by the birds for communication, especially during courtship and territorial displays.


The Eurasian Collared-dove does not have a specific mating season. Instead, it can breed throughout the year, especially in regions with mild climates. This adaptability to breeding year-round has contributed to its successful expansion and colonization in various parts of the world.

In some areas, there might be slight variations in breeding activity based on local environmental conditions and resource availability. However, overall, the Eurasian Collared-dove does not exhibit a strong breeding season like some other bird species.

6. White-winged dove

white winged dove
white winged dove

scientific name : Zenaida asiatica

size: The size of a white-winged dove typically ranges from about 9 to 11 inches (23 to 28 centimeters) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape: White-winged doves are medium-sized birds with a plump body, relatively long tail, and a short neck. They have a round appearance when perched.
  2. Coloration: The adult white-winged dove has a pale grayish-brown body with a white or pale gray face and throat. The most prominent feature is the large white patch on the wings, visible when the bird is in flight or when the wings are spread.
  3. Head and Face: The head is relatively small with a light-colored eye ring and a bright red or orange eye. The beak is dark and slender.
  4. Wings: As the name suggests, the key identifying feature is the large white wing patch, which contrasts with the gray-brown body. When the wings are folded, the white patch may still be visible at the base of the wings.
  5. Tail: The tail is long and square-tipped, often showing a white edge on the outer feathers.


White-winged doves are adaptable birds that inhabit a variety of habitats across their range. They can be found in:

  1. Woodlands: White-winged doves can be seen in both deciduous and evergreen woodlands, including forest edges and clearings.
  2. Deserts: These doves are well-suited to arid and semi-arid desert environments, where they can find water sources and suitable food.
  3. Suburban Areas: White-winged doves readily adapt to human-altered landscapes, including suburban neighborhoods, parks, and gardens.
  4. Agricultural Fields: They may forage in agricultural areas, such as fields and orchards, where they feed on seeds and crops.
  5. Open Country: White-winged doves are known to inhabit open habitats like grasslands and scrublands.
  6. Riparian Areas: These birds can also be found near water sources, such as rivers, streams, and ponds, where they can access both water and food.
  7. Urban Environments: In some regions, white-winged doves have successfully colonized urban areas, often relying on feeders and other food sources provided by humans.


The diet of the white-winged dove consists primarily of seeds, fruits, and grains. Here’s a more detailed look at their dietary preferences:

  1. Seeds: White-winged doves are avid seed-eaters and consume a variety of seeds from different plants. They feed on seeds of grasses, weeds, and various flowering plants.
  2. Fruits: These doves have a particular affinity for consuming fruits, especially soft and fleshy ones. They feed on a wide range of fruits such as berries, figs, grapes, and other small fruits.
  3. Grains: White-winged doves are known to feed on grains like corn, wheat, and other cereal crops. They may visit agricultural fields to forage for grains.
  4. Human-Provided Food: In urban and suburban areas, white-winged doves might visit bird feeders to consume seeds, cracked corn, and other bird-friendly foods provided by humans.
  5. Insects: While seeds and fruits constitute the majority of their diet, white-winged doves may occasionally consume insects, especially during the breeding season when they require extra protein for themselves and their chicks.

lifespan: The lifespan of a white-winged dove typically ranges from 5 to 10 years in the wild.

wingspan: The wingspan of a white-winged dove typically ranges from approximately 14 to 16 inches (36 to 41 centimeters).


The white-winged dove is known for its distinct and repetitive cooing call. The call is often described as a series of coos that sound like “who-cooks-for-you” or “coo-coo-coo-coo.” This distinctive call is commonly heard in its habitat and is used for communication, especially during courtship and territorial displays.

Additionally, white-winged doves may produce other vocalizations, including soft coos, grunts, and clucking sounds. These calls can vary in intensity and duration, serving different purposes such as maintaining contact with other doves or expressing various states of agitation or contentment.


The white-winged dove exhibits seasonal behaviors and movements that are influenced by changes in the environment and availability of food. Here are the main seasonal aspects of the white-winged dove:

  1. Breeding Season: The breeding season for white-winged doves typically occurs during the warmer months, from spring through early summer. During this time, they engage in courtship displays, build nests, and raise their young.
  2. Migration: In some parts of their range, white-winged doves are migratory, moving to different areas in response to changing seasons. They may migrate northward during the breeding season to take advantage of suitable nesting habitats and food sources, and then migrate southward during the colder months to more temperate areas or overwintering grounds.
  3. Non-breeding Season: In regions where they are year-round residents, the white-winged dove’s behavior may not change drastically during the non-breeding season. However, they might adjust their feeding and foraging patterns based on the availability of food resources.
  4. Food Availability: The white-winged dove’s movements and behaviors are often influenced by the availability of food sources. During seasons when certain fruits, seeds, or crops are abundant, the doves may congregate in areas where these resources are plentiful.
  5. Roosting Behavior: White-winged doves are known to roost communally in large groups, especially during the non-breeding season. These roosts can contain hundreds or even thousands of individuals and provide protection and warmth during the night.

frequently asked question : on doves in alaska

What are the “beautiful six doves” in Alaska?

The “beautiful six doves” refer to a group of elegant dove species found in the wilderness of Alaska, known for their graceful flight and enchanting presence.

Where can I find these doves in Alaska?

These doves can be found in various regions of Alaska, often near wooded areas, water sources, or open landscapes. Their specific habitats may vary depending on the species.

What dove species are included in the “beautiful six”?

The term generally refers to a selection of dove species native to Alaska, which may include the Mourning Dove, Rock Pigeon, and various species of native doves.

When is the best time to observe these doves?

The ideal time for dove observation varies depending on the species and their migratory patterns. Generally, early mornings and late afternoons are recommended for the best chances of spotting them.

What is the significance of these doves in Alaskan ecosystems?

These doves play important roles in the local ecosystems as pollinators and seed dispersers. Studying their behaviors can provide insights into the health of their habitat.

Are these doves endangered or protected?

While some dove species may be threatened or protected, it’s essential to research each species’ conservation status to understand their level of protection.

How can I observe these doves without disturbing them?

To observe the doves without causing stress, maintain a safe distance, use binoculars or a zoom lens, and avoid sudden movements or loud noises.

What type of habitat do these doves prefer?

These doves often inhabit areas with a mix of open spaces and trees or shrubs, which provide both foraging opportunities and shelter.

Can I feed these doves during my observation?

It’s generally recommended to avoid feeding wild doves, as this can alter their natural behaviors and lead to dependency on human-provided food.

Are there any organized tours or guides for dove observation in Alaska?

Depending on the region, there may be local birdwatching tours or guides who can provide insights and assistance in spotting these doves.

Do these doves have any unique behaviors or calls?

Yes, each species of dove has its own distinct behaviors, calls, and courtship displays. Learning about these traits can enhance your observation experience.

How can I contribute to the conservation of these doves and their habitat?

Supporting local conservation organizations, adhering to responsible birdwatching practices, and advocating for habitat preservation are great ways to contribute.

Are there any citizen science projects related to these doves in Alaska?

Some organizations may run citizen science programs that involve tracking and monitoring dove populations. Participating in such projects can be a rewarding way to contribute to their conservation.

What precautions should I take while observing doves in bear-prone areas?

If you’re observing doves in bear-prone regions, it’s important to be bear-aware: carry bear spray, make noise to alert bears of your presence, and stay vigilant.

Is it possible to attract these doves to my backyard or garden?

Creating a welcoming environment with bird-friendly plants, water sources, and appropriate feeders may attract doves, but ensure your actions align with responsible wildlife practices.


In the vast expanse of Alaska’s untamed wilderness, where nature’s beauty unfolds in breathtaking panoramas, the presence of the beautiful six doves adds yet another layer of enchantment to this remarkable landscape. As we conclude our journey through the realm of these graceful creatures, it becomes evident that the allure of these doves extends far beyond their physical elegance. They embody a delicate harmony between the wild and the serene, reminding us of the intricate connections that bind all living beings to their environment.

The pursuit of observing these doves becomes a reflection of our innate curiosity and reverence for the natural world. It compels us to slow down, to immerse ourselves in the stillness of the Alaskan wilderness, and to appreciate the intricate details that often escape our hurried gaze. By adhering to responsible practices and embracing a mindful approach to our observation, we not only safeguard the well-being of these doves but also contribute to the preservation of the delicate ecosystems they call home.

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