doves in california

amazing 8 doves in california

Nestled amidst the sun-kissed landscapes and diverse ecosystems of California lies a captivating spectacle that captures the hearts and imaginations of all who have the privilege to witness it – the mesmerizing dance of the “Amazing 8 Doves in california.” These ethereal creatures, with their graceful wings and gentle coos, have graced the Californian skies with a symphony of flight and a display of beauty that transcends the ordinary. In this enchanting narrative, we embark on a journey to uncover the tales of these remarkable doves, each species a testament to the rich biodiversity and natural wonders that make California a true haven for avian enthusiasts and curious minds alike.

Join us as we delve into the kaleidoscope of colors, melodies, and behaviors that define these doves, painting a picture of the enchanting tapestry that is the avian world of California. Absolutely, observing the “Amazing 8 Doves” in California can be a rewarding experience for nature enthusiasts and birdwatchers. To make the most of your dove-watching adventure, here are some best practices and tips to keep in mind:

  1. Research and Identify: Before setting out to observe these doves, familiarize yourself with the eight species you’re likely to encounter. Learn about their physical characteristics, behaviors, and preferred habitats. This knowledge will enhance your ability to spot and identify them accurately.
  2. Choose the Right Time and Season: Different dove species might be more active or visible during specific times of the day and seasons. Early morning and late afternoon are often optimal times for birdwatching. Additionally, certain species might be more active during their breeding seasons.
  3. Pack Essential Gear: A pair of high-quality binoculars or a spotting scope is essential for observing doves from a distance without disturbing them. A field guide specific to California birds can also be handy for quick identification.
  4. Dress for Comfort and Camouflage: Wear muted, earth-toned clothing to blend into the natural surroundings and minimize your visibility to the doves. Comfortable footwear is crucial for traversing various terrains.
  5. Be Patient and Quiet: Doves are generally skittish and easily spooked. Move slowly and quietly to avoid startling them. Find a comfortable spot to settle down and wait patiently for the doves to come into view.
  6. Respect Their Space: While it’s exciting to get close to these amazing creatures, it’s important to maintain a respectful distance. Using binoculars or a scope allows you to observe them without causing stress.
  7. Observe from a Hide: If possible, set up a temporary hide or blind made from natural materials. This can help you get closer to the doves without disturbing them.
  8. Learn Their Calls: Each dove species has its own unique vocalizations. Learning to identify their calls can be a valuable tool for locating them, even if they’re hidden from view.
  9. Record Observations: Bring along a notebook or a birdwatching app to record your observations. Note the time, location, weather conditions, and any behaviors you observe. This information can contribute to your understanding of their habits.
  10. Respect Local Regulations: Be mindful of any rules or regulations in the area you’re birdwatching. Stick to designated trails and areas to minimize your impact on the doves’ natural habitat.
  11. Study Their Habitat: Understanding the preferred habitats of each dove species will help you narrow down the locations where you’re likely to find them. Research their food sources, nesting preferences, and roosting spots.
  12. Join a Birding Group or Tour: Birdwatching with experienced guides or joining local birding groups can provide valuable insights and increase your chances of spotting these doves.

Remember, birdwatching is not only about the end goal of ticking species off a list but also about appreciating the beauty and intricacies of the natural world. By following these best practices, you can enjoy a respectful and immersive experience while observing the “Amazing 8 Doves” in California habitat.

list of amazing 8 doves in california:

  1. Mourning Dove
  2. Zenaida Dove
  3. Inca Dove
  4. rock Pigeon
  5. Eurasian Collared-Dove
  6. Band-tailed Pigeon
  7. White-winged Dove
  8. Common Ground-Dove

1. Mourning Dove

mourning dove
mourning dove

scientific name: Zenaida macroura

size: The mourning dove typically measures about 9 to 13 inches (23 to 33 cm) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Coloration: Their plumage is generally soft gray-brown on the upperparts and a lighter, pale gray on the underparts. They have a distinctive teardrop-shaped spot on the side of their neck, which is iridescent and often appears to shine in various colors when caught in the light.
  2. Head: Their head is small and rounded, often appearing slightly lighter in color than the rest of the body. They have black eyes with a light blue eye-ring.
  3. Tail: The tail is long and pointed, with white-edged feathers that give it a scaly appearance. In flight, the tail feathers often make a whistling sound.
  4. Wings: Their wings are pointed and tapered, and they have a distinctive pattern of black spots and crescents on the coverts (feathers covering the base of the wing).


Mourning doves can be found in a wide range of habitats across North America. Their adaptable nature allows them to thrive in various environments, including:

  1. Urban Areas: Mourning doves are often found in urban and suburban settings, perching on utility wires, rooftops, and trees. They are known for their ability to coexist with humans in developed areas.
  2. Open Woodlands: They inhabit areas with scattered trees, such as forest edges, clearings, and open woodlands. These habitats provide both perching spots and open areas for foraging.
  3. Grasslands: Mourning doves can be seen in grassy areas, including fields, meadows, and pastures. They forage on the ground for seeds and grains.
  4. Agricultural Lands: They are commonly found in agricultural landscapes, including farmlands, orchards, and vineyards. They feed on crops like grains and seeds.
  5. Desert Scrub: In arid regions, mourning doves can be found in desert scrub habitats, where they seek out water sources and suitable perches.
  6. Suburban Gardens: Backyards, parks, and gardens are also frequented by mourning doves, as they are attracted to bird feeders and open areas with access to food and water.
  7. Coastal Areas: Along coastlines, they inhabit beach areas, dunes, and coastal scrub, where they can find suitable perching sites and food resources.
  8. Deciduous and Evergreen Forests: While they are not typically found deep within dense forests, they can inhabit the edges of deciduous and evergreen woodlands.

diet: The diet of mourning doves primarily consists of seeds, though they may also consume a small portion of insects. Their diet includes:

  1. Seeds: Seeds make up the majority of a mourning dove’s diet. They feed on a wide variety of seeds from plants such as grasses, weeds, and cultivated crops like sunflowers, corn, wheat, and millet.
  2. Grains: They are particularly fond of grains like cracked corn, millet, and various types of birdseed commonly found in feeders.
  3. Fruits: While fruits are not a major part of their diet, mourning doves may occasionally consume small berries and fruits, especially during seasons when seeds are less available.
  4. Insects: Although seeds dominate their diet, mourning doves do eat insects on occasion. Insects are a source of protein and can be particularly important during the breeding season to support the growth of young chicks.
  5. Grit: Mourning doves lack a muscular gizzard, a specialized digestive organ found in many birds that helps grind down tough food items. To aid in digestion, they consume small, hard particles like gravel or grit, which help break down seeds in their stomach.

lifespan: The average lifespan of a mourning dove in the wild is around 1.5 to 5 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of a mourning dove typically ranges from 17 to 18 inches (43 to 46 cm).

calls: The mourning dove is known for its distinctive and gentle cooing calls. The calls of the mourning dove can be described as follows:

  1. Cooing Call: The most recognizable call is a series of soft, mournful coos, often described as “coo-AH, coo, coo, coo.” The first note is higher in pitch, followed by a descending sequence of lower-pitched coos.
  2. Wing Whistle: When taking off in flight, mourning doves produce a whistling sound caused by the air passing through their wing feathers. This sound is a quick, descending “whoooo,” and it’s commonly heard when they suddenly take off from a perch.
  3. Chirping and Clucking: In addition to their cooing calls, mourning doves can make a variety of soft, rapid chirping and clucking sounds, often produced during interactions with other doves or as part of their courtship behavior.

season: Mourning doves can be found throughout the year in many regions, but their abundance and behavior can vary based on the seasons:

  1. Spring: In the spring, mourning doves become more active as they engage in courtship and breeding behaviors. Their cooing calls become more frequent as males establish territories and attract females. Nests are built during this time, usually in trees, shrubs, or even on building ledges.
  2. Summer: During the summer, mourning doves continue to breed and raise their young. They can have multiple broods in a single season, depending on food availability and environmental conditions.
  3. Fall: As the weather starts to cool, mourning doves prepare for migration in some regions. While not all populations migrate, some doves move south to warmer areas for the winter. This migration can be influenced by factors like food availability and temperature.
  4. Winter: In regions where they remain year-round, mourning doves adjust their behavior to cope with colder conditions. They seek out food sources like bird feeders and may form larger flocks for protection and warmth.

2. Zenaida Dove

zenaida dove
zenaida dove

scientific name: Zenaida aurita

size: The Zenaida Dove typically measures about 25 to 28 centimeters (10 to 11 inches) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Size: It is a medium-sized dove, about 10 to 11 inches in length, with a plump body and a relatively long tail.
  2. Coloration: The Zenaida Dove has a mostly grayish-brown plumage on its upperparts, while its underparts are pale gray. The wings often have a noticeable white patch that’s visible in flight.
  3. Face and Neck: The dove’s face is characterized by a bluish-gray patch that surrounds the eye and extends to the nape of the neck. This feature is particularly prominent.
  4. Tail: The long tail is squared off at the tip and has white outer feathers, making it easily noticeable when the dove is in flight.
  5. Bill: The bill is relatively short and dark, usually darker at the tip.

habitat: The Zenaida Dove is known to inhabit a diverse range of habitats, including:

  1. Woodlands: They are often found in open woodlands, including both dry and humid forests.
  2. Open Areas: Zenaida Doves can also be spotted in open areas such as grasslands, savannas, and scrublands.
  3. Gardens and Parks: These doves are quite adaptable and can be found in urban and suburban environments, including gardens, parks, and even around human settlements.
  4. Coastal Regions: In some regions, they can be found near coastal areas, especially in habitats like coastal scrub.
  5. Edge Habitats: Zenaida Doves are often seen in habitats that offer a mix of open spaces and cover, like forest edges and clearings.
  6. Islands: They are known to inhabit various islands across their range.
  7. Lowlands and Foothills: Their habitat can include both lowland areas and lower foothills of mountains.
  8. Tropical and Subtropical Regions: These doves are commonly found in tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas.

diet: The diet of the Zenaida Dove primarily consists of:

  1. Seeds: Seeds from various plants make up a significant portion of their diet. They feed on seeds found on the ground or in low vegetation.
  2. Fruits: They also consume a variety of fruits, including berries and small fruits that are readily available in their habitat.
  3. Grains: Grains like corn and other small grains are part of their diet, especially in agricultural areas.
  4. Insects: While seeds and fruits form the bulk of their diet, Zenaida Doves also opportunistically feed on insects and other small invertebrates, particularly during the breeding season.
  5. Plant Material: They might also nibble on leaves and tender plant shoots on occasion.

lifespan: The lifespan of a Zenaida Dove typically ranges from 3 to 5 years in the wild.

wingspan: The wingspan of a Zenaida Dove, which refers to the measurement from the tip of one wing to the tip of the other wing when fully extended, is approximately 38 to 42 centimeters (15 to 17 inches).

calls: The Zenaida Dove is known for its soft and mournful cooing calls. The calls of the Zenaida Dove are often described as a series of gentle and rhythmic “coo-coo-coo” or “coo-OO-oo” sounds. These calls are usually repeated several times in a consistent pattern. The cooing calls serve multiple purposes, including communication between individuals and as a part of courtship displays. The mournful and melodic quality of their calls adds to the peaceful ambiance of their natural habitats.

season: The Zenaida Dove does not exhibit distinct seasonal behaviors like some other bird species that migrate or undergo significant plumage changes. However, they might have some subtle variations in behavior related to seasons:

  1. Breeding Season: In regions where Zenaida Doves breed, which can vary depending on their range, they might show increased territorial behavior and courtship displays during the breeding season. This can involve more frequent cooing and wing-flapping as part of their courtship rituals.
  2. Nesting and Reproduction: Breeding activity might coincide with specific times of the year when food resources are abundant, which can vary based on the location. Nests are typically constructed in trees, shrubs, or other elevated sites, and the female usually lays one or two eggs.
  3. Food Availability: While Zenaida Doves are generally resident birds, their feeding habits can be influenced by seasonal changes in food availability. For instance, they might rely more on fruits during seasons when seeds are less abundant.
  4. Molting: Like most birds, Zenaida Doves undergo molting, which is the process of shedding and regrowing feathers. While this might not be tied to distinct seasons, molting can occur periodically to maintain the health and condition of their plumage.

3. Inca Dove

Inca dove
Inca dove

scientific name: Columbina inca

size: The Inca Dove is a small bird, measuring about 7 to 9 inches (18 to 23 centimeters) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Size: It is a small bird, around 7 to 9 inches in length, with a plump body and relatively short tail.
  2. Coloration: The Inca Dove has a unique and distinctive color pattern. Its overall plumage is pale gray with a scaly appearance due to fine, black barring on the wings and back. The feathers on the head and upper neck are slightly darker.
  3. Tail: The tail is relatively short and squared-off at the tip, unlike the long, pointed tails of many other dove species.
  4. Facial Features: The face of the Inca Dove is pale and contrasts with the darker markings on the wings. It has a distinctive dark line extending from the base of the bill, running through the eye and curving downward.
  5. Bill: The bill is relatively small and slender, adapted for feeding on seeds.

habitat: The Inca Dove (Columbina inca) is typically found in arid and semi-arid habitats across its range. Its habitat preferences include:

  1. Deserts: Inca Doves are well adapted to desert environments, where they can be found in open desert landscapes with sparse vegetation.
  2. Open Woodlands: They are also commonly seen in open woodlands, savannas, and scrublands, where there is a mix of trees, shrubs, and open spaces.
  3. Parks and Gardens: Inca Doves are known to inhabit urban areas, including parks, gardens, and residential neighborhoods with suitable vegetation.
  4. Farmlands: They may also occur in agricultural areas with scattered trees and shrubs, as long as suitable food sources are available.
  5. Lowlands: These doves are typically found at low elevations, although they might occur at slightly higher elevations in some regions.

diet: The diet of the Inca Dove (Columbina inca) primarily consists of seeds, especially from grasses and other plants. They are granivores, meaning they predominantly feed on a variety of seeds as their main source of nutrition. Some of the seeds they commonly consume include:

  1. Grass Seeds: Inca Doves feed on a wide range of grass seeds, which are often abundant in their arid and semi-arid habitats.
  2. Weed Seeds: They also consume seeds from various weed species, taking advantage of available food sources.
  3. Cultivated Seeds: In urban and agricultural areas, Inca Doves might feed on seeds from crops like grains or cultivated plants.

lifespan: The average lifespan of an Inca Dove (Columbina inca) in the wild is around 4 to 5 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of an Inca Dove (Columbina inca) is typically around 9 to 10 inches (23 to 25 centimeters).


The Inca Dove (Columbina inca) is known for its distinctive soft and repetitive cooing calls. The calls of the Inca Dove are often described as sounding like the phrase “no hope,” repeated in a soothing and rhythmic manner. These calls can be quite noticeable, especially in the early morning and late afternoon when the doves are most active.

The “no hope” call is a series of short cooing notes, with a rising and falling pattern that gives it a unique and recognizable sound. These calls serve as a means of communication between individuals, helping them establish and maintain their territories and also in attracting mates.

Overall, the calls of the Inca Dove contribute to the ambiance of the arid and semi-arid landscapes they inhabit.


The Inca Dove (Columbina inca) does not have a strict migratory behavior like some other bird species. Instead, it is generally considered a resident bird throughout its range. This means that Inca Doves tend to remain in their habitat year-round rather than migrating to different areas for different seasons.

They are well-adapted to arid and semi-arid environments, and their availability of food sources, such as seeds, might be relatively consistent throughout the year in these habitats. As a result, Inca Doves can be observed in their habitats during all seasons, although their behaviors and activities might vary slightly based on factors such as breeding and food availability.

In summary, the Inca Dove is a non-migratory bird that typically remains in its habitat throughout the year, making it a permanent resident in the regions where it is found.

4. rock Pigeon

rock dove
rock pigeon

scientific name: Columba livia

size: The size of a rock pigeon can vary, but on average, they are about 30 to 35 centimeters (12 to 14 inches) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape: Rock pigeons are medium-sized birds with a plump body and relatively short legs. They have a rounded head and a relatively small bill.
  2. Coloration: Rock pigeons come in a variety of colors, including gray, white, black, and various combinations. They often have iridescent patches on their neck and wings, which can appear greenish or purplish in certain lighting.
  3. Markings: Many rock pigeons have a dark band on their tail. The wings generally have two black bars, and the back is typically a paler gray.
  4. Head and Neck: They have a distinct, iridescent patch on the side of the neck. This patch can appear metallic in sunlight.
  5. Behavior: Rock pigeons are often found in urban and suburban areas, perching on buildings, ledges, and other structures. They are known for their distinctive cooing sound and are commonly seen foraging for food on the ground.
  6. Domesticated Variants: Domesticated rock pigeons, also known as “pigeon breeds,” have been selectively bred for various colors, patterns, and features. These can range from the common feral type to more ornamental forms with feather crests or unique colorations.


Rock pigeons (Columba livia) have a highly adaptable habitat range and can be found in various environments around the world. Their versatile nature has allowed them to thrive in both natural and urban settings. Here are some common habitats where you can find rock pigeons:

  1. Urban Areas: Rock pigeons are well-known for their presence in cities and urban environments. They often roost on buildings, ledges, bridges, and other structures. The availability of food scraps and sheltered roosting sites in urban areas makes them particularly well-suited to city life.
  2. Suburban Areas: Rock pigeons can also be found in suburban neighborhoods, where they might inhabit parks, gardens, and areas with a mix of green spaces and buildings.
  3. Coastal Regions: Coastal areas, including cliffs, rocky shorelines, and piers, are natural habitats for rock pigeons. They often nest on cliffs and use coastal features for shelter.
  4. Farmlands: Rock pigeons are often seen foraging in agricultural fields, where they feed on grains, seeds, and other crops.
  5. Grassy Habitats: Open grasslands and meadows provide suitable foraging grounds for rock pigeons, where they can find a variety of seeds and plants to feed on.
  6. Woodland Edges: Pigeons can also be found at the edges of woodlands or forests, especially if there are nearby open areas for foraging.
  7. Caves and Cliffs: In more natural habitats, rock pigeons may nest in caves, crevices, and cliffs, as these locations mimic their ancestral nesting sites.
  8. Human Structures: The adaptability of rock pigeons allows them to make use of various human-made structures for nesting and roosting. They often exploit the nooks and crannies of buildings, bridges, and other structures.
  9. Desert Oases: In desert regions, rock pigeons may congregate around oases, which provide water and a source of food.
  10. Grain Silos and Barns: Pigeons are often attracted to agricultural facilities like grain silos and barns, where they can find ample food resources.

diet: The diet of rock pigeons (Columba livia) is quite diverse and can vary based on their habitat and food availability. They are opportunistic feeders and will consume a wide range of items. Here’s an overview of their diet:

  1. Seeds and Grains: Seeds and grains make up a significant portion of the rock pigeon’s diet. They feed on a variety of seeds from plants such as grasses, cereals, and weeds.
  2. Human Food Scraps: In urban areas, rock pigeons often scavenge for human food scraps, including bread, grains, and other discarded food items.
  3. Fruits and Berries: Pigeons may consume fruits and berries when available. This can include fallen fruit from trees or shrubs.
  4. Green Vegetation: Pigeons occasionally eat green vegetation such as leaves and shoots, although this is not a major part of their diet.
  5. Insects: While not a primary food source, pigeons may consume insects and other small invertebrates, especially during breeding seasons when they need extra protein for their young.
  6. Human-Provided Food: In urban areas, pigeons are known to eat food provided by humans, such as birdseed, breadcrumbs, and other offerings.
  7. Crops: In agricultural areas, rock pigeons can be considered pests as they may feed on crops like grains, peas, and other cultivated plants.
  8. Grit: Pigeons consume small, hard particles known as grit, which aids in their digestion by helping to break down seeds in their stomachs.

lifespan: On average, wild rock pigeons have a lifespan of about 3 to 5 years in the wild.

wingspan: The wingspan of a rock pigeon (Columba livia) typically ranges from approximately 60 to 70 centimeters, which is equivalent to about 24 to 28 inches.

calls: Rock pigeons (Columba livia) produce a variety of vocalizations, each serving different purposes in communication. Here are some of the common calls of rock pigeons:

  1. Cooing: The cooing sound is one of the most recognizable vocalizations of rock pigeons. It’s a soft, repetitive “coo-coo” or “coo-roo” sound that is often associated with their presence. Pigeons use this cooing call for various reasons, including attracting mates, establishing territory, and communicating with other pigeons.
  2. Bill Clapping: Pigeons can produce a rapid clapping or snapping sound with their bills. This sound is often heard during courtship displays and interactions between mates.
  3. Wing Clapping: During takeoff and landing, pigeons may clap their wings together, producing a distinctive sound. This behavior is more noticeable when pigeons are in flight.
  4. Alarm Call: When pigeons sense danger or become startled, they may emit a series of rapid, repetitive coos or clucks. This alarm call serves as a warning to other pigeons in the area.
  5. Nesting Calls: Pigeons may use soft, murmuring calls while at the nest. These calls help maintain communication between mates and parents and their chicks.
  6. Preening Calls: Pigeons may produce soft, contented coos while preening or engaging in other grooming behaviors.
  7. Aggressive Calls: When pigeons are engaged in territorial disputes or competing for resources, they may produce aggressive coos or clucks to assert dominance.
  8. Contact Calls: Pigeons use a range of soft, low-intensity coos and murmurs to maintain contact with other pigeons in their flock, especially when foraging or roosting together.

season: Rock pigeons (Columba livia) are not strongly migratory birds, and their behavior can vary based on their geographical location and environmental conditions. However, they can breed and exhibit certain behaviors throughout the year. Here’s a general overview of the seasons of rock pigeons:

  1. Breeding Season (Spring and Summer): In many regions, rock pigeons enter their breeding season during the spring and summer months. During this time, they engage in courtship displays, which can include cooing, bill clapping, and other vocalizations. They establish territories, select nesting sites (often on ledges of buildings or cliffs), and build nests from twigs and other materials.
  2. Nesting and Rearing Young (Spring and Summer): Once a pair has established a nest, the female lays eggs, usually one or two at a time. The incubation period lasts around 17 to 19 days. Both parents take turns incubating the eggs. After hatching, the chicks are fed “pigeon milk,” a specialized secretion produced by the parents’ crop lining. The chicks fledge (leave the nest) around 25 to 32 days after hatching.
  3. Post-Breeding and Molting (Late Summer and Fall): After the breeding season, rock pigeons may undergo a molting period in late summer or early fall. During molting, they shed old feathers and grow new ones, which can affect their appearance and behavior.
  4. Winter Season: Rock pigeons do not necessarily migrate long distances, but their behavior may change during the colder months. They may become more focused on finding food sources and may gather in larger flocks for protection and warmth.
  5. Year-Round Presence: Overall, rock pigeons are adaptable and can be found in various habitats throughout the year. In urban and suburban environments, they maintain a presence regardless of the season, relying on human-provided food sources and shelter.

5. Eurasian Collared-Dove

Eurasian Collared-Dove
Eurasian Collared-Dove

scientific name: “Streptopelia decaocto.”

size: The Eurasian collared dove typically has a length of about 30 to 33 centimeters (12 to 13 inches).

how to identify: The Eurasian collared dove can be identified by several distinct features:

  1. Coloration: These doves have a pale gray to pale brownish-gray body with a slightly pinkish hue on the breast and belly. The wings display a lighter gray band and a distinct white crescent-shaped patch on the back of the neck.
  2. Collar: One of the most distinguishing features is the black “collar” or crescent-shaped marking on the back of the neck, just below the head. This feature gives the bird its name.
  3. Shape and Size: Eurasian collared doves have a plump body, relatively long tail, and rounded wings. Their size is similar to that of a pigeon, with a length of 30 to 33 centimeters (12 to 13 inches) and a wingspan of 47 to 55 centimeters (18.5 to 21.7 inches).
  4. White Wing Edges: When in flight, these doves reveal white edges along the trailing edges of their wings, which contrasts with the darker gray color of the wings.

habitat: The Eurasian collared dove is a highly adaptable bird species that can be found in a range of habitats, including:

  1. Urban Areas: These doves are commonly found in urban and suburban environments, often perching on buildings, utility wires, and trees. Their ability to thrive in urban landscapes has contributed to their widespread distribution.
  2. Suburban Gardens: Eurasian collared doves are frequently spotted in residential areas with well-maintained gardens and green spaces. They are attracted to areas with a consistent food source and places to perch.
  3. Farmlands: Agricultural landscapes, including fields, orchards, and farmsteads, are habitats where these doves are often observed. They can be drawn to areas with cereal crops and open spaces.
  4. Woodlands Edges: Though not their primary habitat, Eurasian collared doves can be found in wooded areas, particularly at the edges where they have access to both trees and open spaces.
  5. Parks and Recreational Areas: City parks, nature reserves, and other recreational areas that offer a mix of greenery and open spaces can also provide suitable habitats for these doves.
  6. Coastal Zones: In some regions, Eurasian collared doves can be found along coastlines, especially if there are nearby urban or suburban areas where they can find food and shelter.
  7. Human-Altered Landscapes: These doves have a propensity to inhabit landscapes that have been altered by human activity, such as agricultural fields, gardens, and areas with a mix of vegetation and structures.

diet: The Eurasian collared dove has an omnivorous diet that includes a variety of food sources. Their diet consists of:

  1. Seeds: Seeds make up a significant portion of the Eurasian collared dove’s diet. They feed on a wide range of seeds from various plants, including grasses, grains, and wildflowers.
  2. Grains: Agricultural fields and areas with crops provide a ready source of grains that these doves readily consume. They are often seen foraging in fields of cereal crops like wheat, barley, and oats.
  3. Fruits: Fruits are also part of their diet, particularly during the warmer months. They may feed on berries, fruits, and even fallen fruits in gardens and orchards.
  4. Insects: While seeds and plant matter make up the bulk of their diet, Eurasian collared doves will occasionally consume insects and other small invertebrates. Insects can provide additional protein and nutrients.
  5. Human Food: These doves have adapted to urban environments and are known to scavenge for human food scraps, such as bread crumbs and other edible items left in parks or near human settlements.

lifespan: The lifespan of a Eurasian collared dove in the wild typically ranges from 3 to 5 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of a Eurasian collared dove typically ranges from approximately 47 to 55 centimeters, which is equivalent to about 18.5 to 21.7 inches.

calls: The calls of the Eurasian collared dove are characterized by a distinctive three-part cooing sound that is often described as “coo-COO-coo.” The calls can vary in pitch and rhythm, but the general pattern remains consistent. This cooing call is commonly heard throughout the day, especially during the breeding season and when the doves are communicating with each other. It’s a soft and rhythmic sound that can contribute to the peaceful ambiance of their habitats.


The Eurasian collared dove is present in various habitats year-round, and its activity and behavior can be observed throughout the seasons:

  1. Spring: During the spring, which is the breeding season for these doves, you may notice increased vocalizations and courtship behaviors. Males often engage in display flights, cooing to attract females. Nest-building and egg-laying typically occur in the later part of spring.
  2. Summer: Throughout the summer months, the doves continue their breeding activities. They raise their young, and you might see them foraging for food to feed their chicks. The “coo-COO-coo” calls can be particularly pronounced during this time.
  3. Fall: In the fall, as the breeding season wanes, the doves may be observed in flocks, especially in areas with abundant food sources. They might be feeding on seeds from various plants, grains, and fruits.
  4. Winter: During the winter, Eurasian collared doves continue to forage for food and seek shelter. They are known to adapt to cold conditions but might be more active during warmer parts of the day.

The Eurasian collared dove’s behavior and activity are influenced by local climate, food availability, and breeding patterns, so you can observe their presence and behaviors throughout all seasons of the year.

6. Band-tailed Pigeon

band tailed pigeon
band tailed pigeon

scientific name: Patagioenas fasciata

size: The Band-tailed Pigeon is approximately 13 to 16 inches (33 to 41 centimeters) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape: It is a medium-sized pigeon with a plump body, a relatively long tail, and a small head.
  2. Coloration: The plumage is generally grayish with a slightly iridescent sheen. The head and neck are a pale bluish-gray, while the back and wings are darker gray. The tail is banded with a darker gray or blackish terminal band.
  3. White Neck Band: A prominent feature is the white crescent-shaped band on the back of its neck, which is where its name comes from.
  4. Bill and Feet: The bill is relatively short and dark. The feet are typically a reddish or purplish color.
  5. Eyes: The eyes are usually a dark color.

habitat: The Band-tailed Pigeon inhabits a variety of forested habitats, often favoring areas with ample access to food resources and suitable nesting sites. Its habitat preferences include:

  1. Coniferous Forests: These pigeons are commonly found in coniferous forests, including pine, fir, spruce, and cedar forests. They are known to feed on the seeds of coniferous trees.
  2. Montane and Foothill Regions: They are frequently spotted in mountainous and foothill areas, particularly in regions with a mix of trees and open spaces.
  3. Mature Woodlands: Mature and old-growth forests provide suitable nesting and roosting sites for these birds. They often choose areas with large trees for nesting platforms.
  4. Deciduous Forests: While their preference is for conifers, they can also be found in mixed forests where deciduous trees are present.
  5. Riparian Zones: Riparian areas along rivers and streams are sometimes used by Band-tailed Pigeons for foraging and as corridors between different habitats.
  6. Migration Routes: During their seasonal migrations, Band-tailed Pigeons might pass through a range of habitats, including coastal areas and grasslands.

diet: The Band-tailed Pigeon has a primarily herbivorous diet, with a strong preference for various types of seeds and fruits. Their diet includes:

  1. Conifer Seeds: Coniferous tree seeds, such as those from pine, fir, and cedar trees, form a significant portion of their diet. They are known to feed on the seeds of mature cones.
  2. Fruits: They consume a variety of fruits, including berries and drupes. This can include wild fruits like elderberries, manzanitas, and madrones.
  3. Acorns: In some regions, they may feed on acorns from oak trees when these nuts are available.
  4. Agricultural Crops: In areas where their ranges overlap with agricultural land, they might consume crops like cherries, grapes, and other fruits.
  5. Insects: While their diet is predominantly plant-based, Band-tailed Pigeons have been observed consuming insects on occasion, especially during the breeding season.

lifespan: The lifespan of a Band-tailed Pigeon in the wild is typically around 6 to 10 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of a Band-tailed Pigeon typically ranges from 24 to 27 inches (61 to 69 centimeters).

calls: The Band-tailed Pigeon produces a variety of calls that are an important part of their communication. Some of the common calls of the Band-tailed Pigeon include:

  1. Cooing Call: The most well-known call of the Band-tailed Pigeon is a series of deep, mournful coos that sound like “whooo-COOOOO.” This call is often used during courtship and can be heard throughout their habitat.
  2. Wing Whistle: During flight, Band-tailed Pigeons produce a distinctive whistling sound as their wings cut through the air. This sound can be described as a high-pitched “whooo-who-who-who-who.”
  3. Alarm Call: When the pigeons sense danger or are disturbed, they may emit a sharp “whit” or “whit-whit” call to alert others in the flock.
  4. Nesting Calls: During the breeding season, Band-tailed Pigeons engage in a variety of softer cooing and grunting sounds as part of their courtship and nesting behaviors.

season: Band-tailed Pigeons exhibit distinct behaviors and movements across different seasons:

  1. Breeding Season (Spring and Summer): During the breeding season, which typically occurs in the spring and summer months, Band-tailed Pigeons engage in courtship displays and nest-building activities. Males may perform aerial displays and vocalize to attract females. They build relatively flimsy nests made of sticks, usually placed on branches of trees. Breeding behavior can vary based on location and food availability.
  2. Migration (Fall and Spring): In many regions, Band-tailed Pigeons are migratory birds. They often engage in seasonal migrations in search of food. These migrations can occur in the fall as they move to warmer areas with more abundant food sources, and in the spring as they return to their breeding grounds. Flocks of these pigeons can be seen flying in tight formations during migration.
  3. Winter: Some Band-tailed Pigeons, particularly those in milder climates, may remain in their breeding range throughout the winter if food resources are available. In colder areas, they might move to lower elevations or areas with more temperate conditions to find sustenance.

7. White-winged Dove

white winged dove
white winged dove

scientific name: Zenaida asiatica

size: The White-winged Dove typically has a length of about 9 to 11 inches (23 to 28 centimeters).

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape: The dove is a medium-sized bird with a plump body and a relatively long tail.
  2. Coloration: Adults have a pale grayish-brown head and body with a slightly pinkish hue on the chest. The most prominent feature is the distinctive white wing patch that is visible both in flight and when perched.
  3. White Wing Patch: As the name suggests, the white wing patch stands out and is a key identification feature. When the bird is perched, you can see a bright white crescent-shaped patch on the upper side of the wing. This is most visible when the wings are folded.
  4. Eye Ring: They have a distinctive blue ring around their eyes, which is particularly noticeable against their pale face.
  5. Tail: The tail is long and often has white edges on the outer feathers.
  6. Bill: The bill is relatively short and pointed.

habitat: The White-winged Dove inhabits a variety of habitats, primarily across the southern parts of North America, Central America, and some regions of South America. Its habitats include:

  1. Desert Scrub: White-winged Doves are often found in arid and semi-arid desert environments, such as desert scrublands and lowland areas with scattered vegetation.
  2. Woodlands: They can also be seen in open woodlands, including mesquite and oak woodlands, as well as riparian areas near water sources.
  3. Urban Areas: These doves have adapted well to urban environments, often inhabiting parks, gardens, and suburban neighborhoods. They are known for their ability to thrive in human-altered landscapes.
  4. Farmlands: White-winged Doves are sometimes found in agricultural areas, especially where there are patches of trees or shrubs.
  5. Tropical Forest Edges: In some regions of Central and South America, they can be found at the edges of tropical forests.

diet: The White-winged Dove has an omnivorous diet, consuming a variety of plant matter and small animal prey. Their diet includes:

  1. Seeds: Seeds make up a significant portion of their diet. They feed on a wide range of seeds from various plants, including grasses, shrubs, and trees.
  2. Fruits: Fruits are an important part of their diet, especially during the fruiting season. They feed on a variety of fruits, such as berries, figs, and other soft fruits.
  3. Insects: White-winged Doves also consume insects and other small invertebrates. These can include ants, beetles, caterpillars, and grasshoppers.
  4. Flowers: At times, they may consume flower petals, likely for their nectar content.
  5. Human-Provided Food: In urban areas, White-winged Doves are known to scavenge for food, often feeding on grains, birdseed, and other food items left out by humans.

lifespan: The lifespan of a White-winged Dove in the wild is typically around 5 to 7 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of a White-winged Dove typically ranges from 14 to 17 inches (36 to 43 centimeters).


The White-winged Dove is known for its distinctive cooing calls. One of the most recognizable calls of the White-winged Dove is often described as a mournful “who-cooks-for-you, who-cooks-for-you-all.” This call has a repetitive and rhythmic pattern. The “who-cooks-for-you” sound is usually followed by a series of softer coos, creating a unique and melodious vocalization.

Another call they make is a series of short, soft coos that can be likened to a gentle “coo-coo-coo.” These coos are often heard during interactions between doves, particularly in courtship and territorial displays.

Keep in mind that bird vocalizations can have variations, and the exact sounds might differ slightly between individuals or regions.

season: The White-winged Dove’s presence can vary based on the seasons, but generally, they are present throughout the year in their range. However, their behavior can change seasonally, particularly in terms of breeding and migration in some regions. Here’s a general overview:

  1. Breeding Season: In many parts of their range, White-winged Doves breed during the warmer months, which typically span from spring to summer. They build nests and raise their young during this time.
  2. Migration: While White-winged Doves are largely non-migratory, some populations may exhibit slight movements in response to changing food availability or weather conditions. In regions with colder winters, some individuals might move to more temperate areas during the colder months.
  3. Year-Round Presence: In many areas, White-winged Doves are present year-round, thanks to their adaptability to various habitats and their ability to find food throughout the year.

8. Common Ground-Dove

common ground dove
common ground dove

scientific name: Columbina passerina

size: The Common Ground-Dove is a small bird, measuring about 6 to 7 inches (15 to 18 centimeters) in length.

how to identify:

The Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) can be identified by several distinct features:

  1. Size: It’s a small dove, measuring about 6 to 7 inches in length.
  2. Plumage: The bird has a sandy brownish-gray overall coloration with a scaled pattern on its upperparts, giving it a mottled appearance. The feathers on its back and wings have dark centers and lighter edges, creating a scalloped effect.
  3. Face: The face of the Common Ground-Dove is marked with a distinctive patch of pale blue skin around the eyes. This eye patch is surrounded by a thin line of black feathers, making it quite noticeable.
  4. Tail: Its tail is relatively long and has a squared-off or slightly rounded shape.
  5. Bill: The bill is short and slender, which is adapted for its primarily seed-based diet.

habitat: The Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) is commonly found in a variety of open habitats across its range. These habitats include:

  1. Grasslands: Common Ground-Doves are often spotted in grasslands and prairies, where they forage on the ground for seeds and small insects.
  2. Savannas: They inhabit savannas, which are semi-open landscapes with a mix of grasses and scattered trees. This type of habitat provides both foraging opportunities and some perching spots.
  3. Agricultural Fields: These doves are often seen in agricultural areas, including fields of crops like grains and seeds. They are attracted to the food resources available in these cultivated environments.
  4. Open Woodlands: While they prefer more open spaces, Common Ground-Doves can also be found in areas of open woodlands with sparse undergrowth.
  5. Scrublands: Scrublands with low shrubs and bushes are another favored habitat. These areas offer both foraging and shelter opportunities.
  6. Desert Edges: In some regions, Common Ground-Doves can be found near desert edges where there is sufficient vegetation for them to feed and perch.
  7. Urban and Suburban Areas: These doves have adapted to human-altered landscapes and can sometimes be found in urban and suburban environments with suitable food sources and perching locations.

diet: The diet of the Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) primarily consists of seeds and small insects. Here’s a breakdown of their diet:

  1. Seeds: Seeds of various plants make up a significant portion of the Common Ground-Dove’s diet. They feed on a variety of seeds from grasses, weeds, and other plants found in their habitats. Their specialized bill is adapted for efficiently picking and consuming seeds.
  2. Grains: In agricultural areas, these doves often feed on grains from crops such as wheat, corn, and millet. They can be seen foraging in fields for fallen or exposed grains.
  3. Insects: While seeds are a major part of their diet, Common Ground-Doves also consume small insects and invertebrates. They peck at the ground to catch insects like ants, beetles, and grasshoppers. Insects provide essential protein and nutrients, especially during the breeding season.
  4. Fruits: On occasion, Common Ground-Doves may eat small fruits or berries when they are available in their habitat.
  5. Human-Provided Food: In urban and suburban areas, they might feed on spilled birdseed from feeders or scavenged food scraps.

lifespan: The lifespan of a Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) in the wild is generally around 2 to 3 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of a Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) is typically around 9 to 11 inches (23 to 28 centimeters).


The Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) produces a soft and distinctive cooing call that is often described as a rhythmic three-note song. The call can be represented phonetically as “coo-COO-coo.” The quality of the call is somewhat subdued and soothing, and it’s usually repeated several times in succession.

This vocalization is commonly used by the doves for communication, especially during courtship and territorial displays. It’s a low and gentle sound that blends well with their habitat and is often heard in the early morning and late afternoon hours.


The Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) is generally present in its range throughout the year, making it a non-migratory bird in many areas. However, there can be some variations in its behavior and distribution based on seasons:

  1. Breeding Season: Common Ground-Doves may exhibit increased activity and territorial behavior during the breeding season, which can vary depending on their location. In some regions, breeding can occur from late winter to summer, with peak activity during spring.
  2. Nesting: During the breeding season, these doves construct simple nests in low vegetation or on the ground. The female typically lays two eggs, and both parents share the incubation and feeding duties.
  3. Year-Round Presence: Unlike some migratory birds, Common Ground-Doves are often found in their habitats year-round, especially in areas with consistent climates and food availability. They are well adapted to various open and semi-open habitats, allowing them to remain in their range throughout the year.
  4. Movements: While they are generally non-migratory, there might be some local movements or shifts in their distribution in response to changes in food availability, weather, or other factors. These movements are often relatively short distances.

frequently asked question : amazing 8 doves in california

Certainly, here are some frequently asked questions (FAQs) about the “Amazing 8 Doves” in California:

What are the “Amazing 8 Doves” in California?

The “Amazing 8 Doves” refer to a group of eight dove species found in various regions of California. These species are known for their unique characteristics, behaviors, and contributions to the state’s avian diversity.

Which dove species are included in the “Amazing 8 Doves”?

The eight dove species commonly referred to as the “Amazing 8 Doves” in California are the Mourning Dove, White-winged Dove, Inca Dove, Common Ground-Dove, Eurasian Collared-Dove, Spotted Dove, Ruddy Ground-Dove, and Band-tailed Pigeon.

Where can I find these dove species in California?

The “Amazing 8 Doves” can be found in various habitats across California, including urban areas, forests, deserts, and coastal regions. Each species has specific habitat preferences, so it’s important to research their distribution and behavior.

Are these dove species unique to California?

While some of these dove species have broader ranges that extend beyond California, they are all part of the diverse avian community in the state. Their presence contributes to the rich tapestry of California’s birdlife.

What are the distinguishing features of these dove species?

Each dove species has its own distinctive characteristics, including plumage coloration, size, wing markings, and calls. Learning to identify these features will help you differentiate between the species.

When is the best time to observe these doves in California?

The optimal time for dove observation varies depending on the species and their seasonal behaviors. Generally, early mornings and late afternoons are good times for birdwatching. Breeding seasons and migration periods are also key times to spot specific species.

Are these dove species migratory?

Yes, some of the “Amazing 8 Doves” are migratory, while others are year-round residents. Understanding their migration patterns will aid in planning your observation outings.

What is the role of these doves in the ecosystem?

Doves play important roles in pollination, seed dispersal, and insect control. They are also prey for various predators, contributing to the balance of the ecosystem.

Can I attract these doves to my backyard or garden?

Yes, you can create an inviting environment for doves by providing food sources such as grains, seeds, and water. However, ensure that your efforts align with local regulations and do not disrupt natural behaviors.

Do these dove species have unique calls?

Yes, each dove species has distinct vocalizations. Learning their calls can assist in identifying them even when they are not visible.

Are there any conservation concerns for these dove species?

Some of these dove species may face threats due to habitat loss, climate change, and other human-related factors. It’s important to stay informed about conservation efforts and practices to help protect their populations.

Can I participate in organized birdwatching events for these doves?

Yes, many birdwatching groups and organizations in California offer events and outings focused on observing these doves. Participating in such events can provide valuable insights and enhance your birdwatching experience.


In the heart of California’s diverse landscapes and skies, the “Amazing 8 Doves” paint a vivid portrait of nature’s elegance and resilience. These eight distinct dove species, each with its own allure and presence, enrich the avian tapestry of the state, captivating the hearts of birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts alike. From the mournful coo of the Mourning Dove to the striking plumage of the White-winged Dove, and the delicate charm of the Inca Dove to the earthy beauty of the Band-tailed Pigeon, these doves symbolize the intricate balance of ecosystems and the interconnectedness of life.

Venturing into the world of these doves opens the gateway to a deeper understanding of California’s vibrant biodiversity. As we observe them in their natural habitats, we glimpse the intimate relationships they share with plants, insects, and fellow creatures. Our pursuit of birdwatching not only enriches our lives through moments of awe but also underscores the importance of safeguarding these habitats for generations to come.

In the quiet moments of observation, we learn patience and mindfulness – qualities that intertwine with the rhythms of the natural world. The “Amazing 8 Doves” remind us that even within the hustle and bustle of modern life, there are serene moments to be cherished, lessons to be learned, and connections to be forged.

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