doves in georgia

beautiful 5 types of doves in georgia

Georgia, the peach state, is not just famous for its sweet fruit and southern hospitality; it’s also home to a dazzling array of wildlife, including some of the most elegant and intriguing avian creatures –beautiful 5 types of doves in georgia. These delicate and graceful birds have found their niche in the diverse ecosystems of Georgia, adding a touch of serenity to the state’s natural beauty. In this exploration, we’ll take flight into the world of beautiful 5 types of Georgia’s doves, discovering five distinct species that call this charming state home. From the mournful call of the Mourning Dove to the iridescent feathers of the White-winged Dove, each of these doves possesses a unique charm that makes them not just fascinating to ornithologists but also endearing to anyone who gazes skyward. So, join us as we embark on a journey to uncover the enchanting lives of these five exquisite dove species, soaring through the heart of Georgia’s captivating landscapes.

Observing doves in Georgia can be a rewarding and peaceful experience for birdwatchers and nature enthusiasts. To make the most of your dove-watching adventures, here are some best practices and tips to keep in mind:

  1. Learn Their Habits and Calls:
    • Familiarize yourself with the unique habits and calls of the five dove species you want to observe. This will help you identify them more easily in the field.
  2. Timing is Key:
    • Doves are typically most active during the early morning and late afternoon. Plan your birdwatching outings during these times for the best chances of spotting them.
  3. Use Binoculars and Field Guides:
    • Invest in a good pair of binoculars to get a closer look at doves from a distance. Bring field guides specific to Georgia’s bird species to aid in identification.
  4. Stay Quiet and Still:
    • Doves are skittish birds, so it’s essential to be quiet and move slowly. Find a comfortable spot to sit or stand and avoid sudden movements or loud noises.
  5. Blend In:
    • Wear muted, earth-toned clothing to blend in with your surroundings. Camouflage attire can help you get closer to doves without startling them.
  6. Choose the Right Location:
    • Research dove hotspots in Georgia, such as parks, wildlife refuges, or natural areas known for their bird populations. Be patient and spend time in these areas.
  7. Use a Birding App:
    • Download a birding app or use a field guide app on your smartphone to help with quick identification and to record your sightings.
  8. Listen Closely:
    • Pay attention to the sounds around you. Doves often coo or call, making it easier to locate them by their distinctive vocalizations.
  9. Be Mindful of Nesting Sites:
    • Respect the nesting sites and habitats of doves. Keep a safe distance to avoid disturbing their nests and young.
  10. Observe Ethical Photography Practices:
    • If you’re taking photos, use a telephoto lens to capture images without getting too close. Avoid flash photography, as it can startle birds and disrupt their natural behavior.
  11. Keep a Field Journal:
    • Consider keeping a field journal to record your observations, including dates, locations, weather conditions, and behaviors. This can be a valuable resource for future dove-watching excursions.
  12. Practice Responsible Wildlife Watching:
    • Leave no trace behind. Dispose of trash properly and respect the environment you are visiting. Do not disturb other wildlife while focusing on doves.
  13. Join Birding Groups:
    • Birdwatching with experienced birders or joining local birding groups can provide valuable insights and increase your chances of spotting doves.

By following these best practices and tips, you can enhance your dove-watching experiences in Georgia while contributing to the conservation and protection of these beautiful birds and their habitats. Remember that patience and respect for nature are essential when observing wildlife.

list of beautiful 5 types of doves in georgia:

  1. Common Ground-Dove
  2. Mourning Dove
  3. Eurasian Collared-Dove
  4. Rock Pigeon
  5. White-winged Dove

1. Common Ground-Dove

common ground dove
common ground dove

scientific name: Columbina passerina

size: The Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) is a small bird. It typically measures about 15 to 18 centimeters (5.9 to 7.1 inches) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Plumage: Common Ground-Doves have a subdued and earth-toned plumage. Their overall coloration is pale grayish-brown on the upperparts with a slightly pinkish hue on the head and neck. The wings may have a few scattered spots, and there is a noticeable scaled or checkerboard pattern on their back and wings.
  2. Face and Bill: They have a pinkish face with a distinctive pale blue ring around the eyes. The bill is short and slender.
  3. Tail: The tail of Common Ground-Doves is long and squared off at the tip.
  4. Undertail Pattern: When in flight, they often display a diagnostic white undertail with a bold dark border.
  5. Behavior: These doves are typically found foraging on the ground, often in open habitats such as grasslands, agricultural fields, and suburban areas. They are known for their habit of walking or running on the ground rather than hopping.
  6. Flight: Common Ground-Doves have rapid, direct flight, and their wings make a distinctive whistling sound when they take off.
  7. Vocalization: Their calls are soft and cooing, often described as a mournful “cooOOOoo.”
  8. Range: Common Ground-Doves are primarily found in the southern United States, Mexico, Central America, and parts of South America. They are year-round residents in some regions but may migrate in response to food availability and weather conditions.


  1. Grasslands: Common Ground-Doves are often found in grassy areas, including native grasslands, pastures, and open meadows. They are well-adapted to these habitats and often forage for seeds on the ground.
  2. Agricultural Fields: They can also be found in agricultural areas, such as fields of crops like wheat, soybeans, or corn, where they feed on spilled seeds and grains.
  3. Urban and Suburban Areas: Common Ground-Doves have adapted to human-altered landscapes and can be found in parks, gardens, golf courses, and other urban and suburban green spaces.
  4. Desert Edges: In some regions, they inhabit the edges of deserts and arid lands, where they seek food and water sources.
  5. Scrublands: They may be found in scrubby habitats, including areas with low shrubs and sparse vegetation.
  6. Open Woodlands: Common Ground-Doves can also occur in open woodlands, where there is a mix of trees and open spaces.
  7. Coastal Areas: In certain coastal regions, they may be found in dunes and beach habitats.

diet: The diet of the Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) primarily consists of seeds, but they may also consume small insects and other food items. Here’s a breakdown of their typical diet:

  1. Seeds: Seeds make up the bulk of the Common Ground-Dove’s diet. They feed on a variety of seeds from grasses, weeds, and cultivated crops. In agricultural areas, they often forage for spilled grain and seeds in fields.
  2. Fruits: Occasionally, Common Ground-Doves will eat small fruits, especially if they are readily available in their habitat.
  3. Insects: While seeds are their primary food source, they may also supplement their diet with small insects and invertebrates, especially during the breeding season when they may need additional protein.
  4. Grains: In agricultural areas, they are known to consume grains such as wheat, corn, and millet.
  5. Green Vegetation: Although seeds are their primary focus, Common Ground-Doves may nibble on tender green vegetation and shoots as well.

lifespan: The lifespan of a Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) in the wild is typically relatively short, usually ranging from 2 to 4 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of the Common Ground-Dove (Columbina passerina) typically ranges from 20 to 24 centimeters (8 to 9.5 inches).


  1. Cooing Call: The most familiar call of the Common Ground-Dove is a soft and mournful cooing sound. It is often described as a series of three coos, like “coo-COO-coo.” This call is typically used by males to attract females and establish territory.
  2. Flight Whistle: When taking flight, Common Ground-Doves often produce a distinctive whistling sound, which is created by the air passing through their wing feathers. This sound is similar to the “wheee-oo” or “wee-ooh” sound.
  3. Contact Calls: Common Ground-Doves also use soft, low-pitched contact calls to communicate with each other when they are foraging or resting in close proximity. These calls are typically softer and less conspicuous than their cooing and flight sounds.
  4. Agitated Calls: When Common Ground-Doves feel threatened or agitated, they may emit rapid and higher-pitched “churring” sounds or a series of short, sharp notes as an alarm call.


  1. Breeding Season: The breeding season for Common Ground-Doves typically occurs during the warmer months in their range, which can vary depending on the region. In some areas, breeding may occur from spring through summer, while in others, it may extend into early fall. During this time, males engage in courtship displays and vocalizations to attract mates, and they build simple nests for breeding.
  2. Nesting: Common Ground-Doves are known for their ground nests, which they build in concealed locations, such as under shrubs or in tall grasses. They lay one or two eggs in each clutch, and both parents share incubation and chick-rearing duties.
  3. Non-Breeding Season: Outside of the breeding season, Common Ground-Doves continue to forage for seeds and other food items in their preferred habitats. Their behavior during this time is more focused on feeding and less on courtship and nesting activities.
  4. Year-Round Residents: Common Ground-Doves are year-round residents in many parts of their range, particularly in warmer climates. They do not undertake long-distance migrations, although they may exhibit some local movements in response to changes in food availability or environmental conditions.

2. Mourning Dove

mourning dove
mourning dove

scientific name: Zenaida macroura

size: Mourning doves are small to medium-sized birds. They typically measure about 9 to 13 inches (23 to 33 centimeters) in length from beak to tail.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape:
    • Mourning doves are small to medium-sized birds.
    • They have a slender, streamlined body with a relatively small head.
    • Their most distinctive feature is their long, pointed tail, which tapers to a sharp point.
  2. Plumage:
    • Mourning doves have muted, earth-tone plumage.
    • Their back and wings are a soft grayish-brown, often with a slight pinkish hue on the chest.
    • The head and neck are a slightly lighter gray, and the breast has a subtle pinkish hue that darkens toward the belly.
  3. Markings:
    • Look for a small, black spot on each side of the neck, just below the ear. This is a key identifying feature.
    • There may be iridescent patches on the neck and wing feathers that appear as shimmering spots when they catch the light.
  4. Eyes and Beak:
    • Mourning doves have dark eyes with a distinct ring of bare skin around them.
    • Their beak is short and slender, often appearing somewhat pointed.
  5. Sound:
    • Mourning doves are known for their mournful cooing sound, which can help you identify them by ear.
  6. Behavior:
    • Mourning doves are often seen perched on power lines, fences, or tree branches.
    • They have a distinctive flight pattern characterized by a rapid, continuous wingbeat followed by a glide.
  7. Range:
    • Mourning doves are widespread across North America and are commonly found in various habitats, including suburban areas, fields, and open woodlands.
  8. Season:
    • They are typically present year-round in many regions, but their numbers may vary seasonally.


Mourning doves are highly adaptable birds and can be found in a wide range of habitats across North and Central America. Some of the common habitats where you can find mourning doves include:

  1. Suburban and Urban Areas: Mourning doves are often seen in suburban neighborhoods and urban parks, especially where there are trees, gardens, and open spaces. They are known for nesting on buildings and feeding in yards.
  2. Farmland: Mourning doves are commonly found in agricultural areas, where they feed on grains, seeds, and cultivated crops like wheat, corn, and sunflowers.
  3. Grasslands: They can be spotted in grassy fields, meadows, and prairies, where they forage for seeds and small insects.
  4. Open Woodlands: Mourning doves are frequently seen in open woodlands, including deciduous and mixed forests, where they find both food and suitable nesting sites.
  5. Desert and Arid Regions: These birds are remarkably adaptable and can survive in arid desert regions, where they often seek water sources like oases and agricultural fields.
  6. Rural Areas: Mourning doves are common in rural and agricultural landscapes, where they find a mix of open fields, forests, and water sources.
  7. Coastal Areas: In coastal regions, you may find mourning doves in dunes, marshes, and beach areas, where they feed on seeds and grains.
  8. Forest Edges: They can also be found at the edges of forests, where they take advantage of the transition zone between wooded areas and open spaces.
  9. Water Sources: Mourning doves require a source of water for drinking and bathing, so they are often found near ponds, streams, rivers, and bird baths.
  10. Human-Altered Habitats: Mourning doves readily adapt to human-altered environments, such as agricultural fields, gardens, and suburban areas, where they can find food and shelter.

diet: The mourning dove primarily feeds on a diet of seeds, grains, and occasionally small insects. Here are some key components of their diet:

  1. Seeds: Mourning doves are primarily seed-eaters. They feed on a variety of seeds from different plant species, including grass seeds, weed seeds, and cultivated crop seeds such as wheat, corn, sunflower seeds, and millet.
  2. Grains: Agricultural fields and open areas with grain crops are favored feeding grounds for mourning doves. They commonly forage for grains such as barley, oats, and sorghum.
  3. Fruits and Berries: While seeds make up the majority of their diet, mourning doves may also consume fruits and berries, especially during the summer months. They may feed on small fruits like wild grapes and cherries.
  4. Insects: Although seeds are their primary food source, mourning doves will occasionally consume small insects and invertebrates, such as ants, beetles, and grasshoppers. Insects provide a source of protein and may be especially important during the breeding season when they are feeding their young.
  5. Grit: Mourning doves do not have a crop (a specialized part of the digestive system) for grinding food like some other bird species. To aid in digestion, they ingest small pebbles or grit, which helps to grind down the seeds and grains in their gizzard.
  6. Human-Provided Food: In urban and suburban areas, mourning doves may also visit bird feeders and consume various birdseed mixes. They are particularly attracted to sunflower seeds and cracked corn.

lifespan: The average lifespan of a mourning dove in the wild is typically between 1 and 1.5 years.

wingspan: The wingspan of a mourning dove typically ranges from 17 to 18 inches (42 to 47 centimeters).


  1. Cooing: This is the most well-known and characteristic call of the mourning dove. It sounds like a soft, mournful “coo-OOO-oo” or “coo-COO-coo.” The cooing call is often repeated in a rhythmic pattern.
  2. Wing Whistle: When mourning doves take off and fly, their wing feathers can produce a distinctive whistling or whirring sound, especially when they take off suddenly or fly swiftly.
  3. Chatter: Mourning doves may also emit a series of rapid, chattering coos, often during courtship displays or when interacting with other doves.
  4. Alarm Call: When they sense danger or are disturbed, mourning doves may produce a sharp, loud “kek” or “whit” sound as an alarm call to signal potential threats.
  5. Nesting Calls: During the breeding season, mourning doves may make soft, murmuring sounds near their nests, which can vary depending on their activity.


  1. Spring:
    • Breeding Season: Spring is the primary breeding season for mourning doves. During this time, they engage in courtship displays, build nests, and raise their young.
    • Nesting: Mourning doves typically build their nests in trees, shrubs, or even on building ledges. They may have multiple broods during the spring and summer months.
  2. Summer:
    • Raising Young: Mourning doves continue to raise their young throughout the summer months. The young doves, known as squabs, fledge (leave the nest) after about two weeks.
  3. Fall:
    • Migratory Behavior: While mourning doves are not long-distance migrants, some populations in the northern parts of their range may migrate southward as the weather gets colder. In many areas, they remain year-round residents.
  4. Winter:
    • Resident Populations: In regions with mild winters, mourning doves are often year-round residents. They may continue to forage for seeds and grains in fields and suburban areas during the winter months.
  5. Year-Round Residents: In many parts of their range, mourning doves are considered permanent residents, and their populations remain relatively stable throughout the year. They are often seen in urban and suburban areas, where they can find food and shelter.

3. Eurasian Collared-Dove

Eurasian Collared-Dove
Eurasian Collared-Dove

scientific name: Streptopelia decaocto

size: The Eurasian Collared-Dove is a medium-sized bird, measuring approximately 30 to 33 centimeters (12 to 13 inches) in length from beak to tail.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape:
    • Eurasian Collared-Doves are medium-sized birds with a slender body and a relatively long tail.
    • Their wings are pointed, and they have a distinctive square or slightly rounded tail with white edges.
  2. Plumage:
    • Adults have pale grayish to beige plumage on their bodies.
    • Look for the black “collar” on the back of their neck, which is crescent-shaped and quite noticeable.
    • The primary wing feathers are darker gray and contrast with the rest of the wing.
  3. Bill and Eyes:
    • Eurasian Collared-Doves have a relatively small, dark bill.
    • Their eyes are dark and appear to be surrounded by a narrow white eye ring.
  4. Tail:
    • Pay attention to the tail, which is long and squared off at the end with white edges.
  5. Vocalization:
    • Listen for their distinctive cooing calls, which are often described as a monotonous “coo-COO-coo” sound.
  6. Habitat:
    • Eurasian Collared-Doves are commonly found in urban and suburban areas, as well as open woodlands and agricultural landscapes.
    • They often perch on wires, tree branches, or buildings.
  7. Range:
    • In terms of location, they are not native to North America but have spread widely across the continent. They are also found in other parts of the world.
  8. Behavior:
    • These doves are often seen foraging on the ground for seeds and grains.
  9. Comparison with Other Doves:
    • Be aware of similar-looking dove species, such as Mourning Doves. Eurasian Collared-Doves can be distinguished by their larger size, squared-off tail, and the black “collar” on their neck.


  1. Urban and Suburban Areas:
    • These doves are highly adaptable and have become a common sight in urban and suburban environments.
    • They are often seen in city parks, gardens, residential neighborhoods, and around buildings.
  2. Agricultural Areas:
    • Eurasian Collared-Doves are frequently found in agricultural regions, where they feed on grains and seeds from crop fields.
    • They are attracted to areas with access to food sources like cornfields, wheat fields, and sunflower fields.
  3. Open Woodlands:
    • They can be spotted in open woodlands and forest edges, although they are less common in dense forests.
    • Their preference for open spaces with scattered trees allows them to forage for seeds and grains.
  4. Grasslands:
    • These doves may inhabit grassy areas, where they can find food in the form of weed seeds and grains.
  5. Desert Oases:
    • In arid regions, Eurasian Collared-Doves may frequent desert oases and areas with reliable water sources.
  6. Coastal Regions:
    • They can also be seen along coastlines, especially in areas where they can find suitable food sources and perches.
  7. Farmlands and Ranches:
    • In addition to agricultural fields, they may also be found on farmlands and ranches where they have access to food and suitable perching spots.
  8. Human-Made Structures:
    • Eurasian Collared-Doves are known for perching on utility wires, rooftops, and other human-made structures.


  1. Seeds and Grains:
    • The majority of their diet consists of seeds and grains. They commonly feed on a wide range of plant seeds, including those from grasses, weeds, and cultivated crops like sunflower seeds, wheat, corn, and millet.
  2. Fruits and Berries:
    • Eurasian Collared-Doves may eat fruits and berries when they are available. This can include items such as cherries, grapes, and other small fruits.
  3. Insects:
    • While seeds and grains make up the bulk of their diet, they will occasionally consume insects, especially during the breeding season when they may need to provide protein for their young.
  4. Human Food:
    • In urban and suburban areas, these doves are known to scavenge for human food scraps, such as bread, grains, and birdseed from feeders.

lifespan: On average, they typically live for about 2 to 5 years in the wild.

wingspan: The wingspan of the Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) typically ranges from approximately 47 to 55 centimeters (about 18.5 to 21.7 inches).


  1. Cooing Call: This is the most familiar sound associated with Eurasian Collared-Doves. It is a soft, rhythmic, and repetitive cooing sound, often described as “coo-COO-coo.” The pitch and rhythm can vary slightly among individuals.
  2. Advertising Call: During the breeding season, males may produce a more exaggerated and enthusiastic version of their cooing call to attract females. It is a louder and more persistent call.
  3. Wing Claps: When taking off or landing, Eurasian Collared-Doves may produce a distinctive clapping sound with their wings. This noise is particularly noticeable during flight and can help in identifying their presence.
  4. Nesting Calls: While near the nest, these doves may emit soft, low cooing sounds or other gentle vocalizations. These sounds are often associated with courtship and interactions between mates.


  1. Breeding Season: Eurasian Collared-Doves typically breed during the spring and summer months. The timing of their breeding season can vary depending on the local climate and availability of food. In North America, for example, breeding may occur from late winter to early autumn.
  2. Nesting: During the breeding season, these doves build nests in trees, shrubs, on building ledges, and in other suitable locations. They may raise multiple broods of chicks in a single season.
  3. Year-round Residents: In many regions, Eurasian Collared-Doves are year-round residents, meaning they can be found in the same area throughout the year. They are known for their adaptability to urban and suburban environments, where they have access to consistent food sources.
  4. Food Availability: While their presence remains relatively constant, their diet may shift slightly depending on seasonal changes in food availability. They are primarily seed and grain eaters but may supplement their diet with fruits and berries when available.
  5. Migratory Behavior (varies): While they are not known for long-distance migrations, some populations of Eurasian Collared-Doves may exhibit limited migratory behavior. In colder regions, they may move to lower elevations or more temperate areas in the winter to avoid harsh weather conditions.
  6. Roosting: In the colder months, Eurasian Collared-Doves, like other doves, may gather in communal roosting sites for warmth and safety.

4. Rock Pigeon

rock pigeon
rock pigeon

scientific name: Columba livia

size: The size of a rock pigeon (Columba livia) can vary slightly depending on the specific subspecies and location, but generally, these birds are approximately 29 to 37 centimeters (11 to 14.5 inches) in length from beak to tail.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape:
    • Rock pigeons are medium-sized birds with a plump body.
    • They have a short neck and a relatively small head.
    • Their wings are pointed, and they have a square-shaped tail.
  2. Coloration:
    • The plumage of rock pigeons varies, but they commonly have a mixture of gray and light blue-gray feathers.
    • They often have two dark bars on each wing.
    • Some individuals may have a greenish or purplish iridescent sheen on their neck and head.
  3. Head and Face:
    • Rock pigeons have a distinctive, slightly rounded head.
    • Their eyes are usually orange or reddish-orange with a narrow, pale eye ring.
    • The base of the beak, also known as the cere, is typically pale in color, often bluish-gray.
  4. Bill:
    • Their bill is short, stout, and usually grayish in color.
    • The tip of the bill is hooked, which is a characteristic feature of pigeons.
  5. Legs and Feet:
    • Rock pigeons have pinkish or reddish legs and feet.
    • They have three forward-pointing toes and one backward-pointing toe, which is a common feature of most birds.
  6. Behavior:
    • Rock pigeons are often seen in urban and suburban areas, perched on buildings, ledges, or in parks.
    • They frequently gather in flocks, particularly in urban environments.
    • Their flight is typically characterized by rapid wing beats followed by gliding.
  7. Vocalization:
    • Rock pigeons coo softly and make a distinctive “coo-coo” sound, which is a familiar urban noise.


  1. Urban Areas:
    • Rock pigeons are particularly abundant in cities and towns worldwide. They have adapted well to urban environments and are often seen perched on buildings, ledges, and bridges.
  2. Suburban Areas:
    • Suburban neighborhoods with houses and parks also provide suitable habitats for rock pigeons. They are known to nest in trees, eaves, and other structures in suburban areas.
  3. Agricultural Areas:
    • Rock pigeons can be found in agricultural regions, especially where there are farm buildings, silos, and grain storage facilities. They may feed on grains and seeds found in these areas.
  4. Cliffs and Rock Formations:
    • In their natural habitat, rock pigeons nest on cliffs and rocky outcrops, which is where they get their name. They use ledges and crevices on cliffs as nesting sites.
  5. Coastal Areas:
    • Coastal cliffs and rocky shorelines are also suitable habitats for rock pigeons, where they nest and feed on marine invertebrates and algae.
  6. Parks and Gardens:
    • Rock pigeons are commonly found in parks, botanical gardens, and other green spaces in urban and suburban areas, where they forage for food and nest in trees or man-made structures.
  7. Forest Edges:
    • In some cases, you may find rock pigeons at the edges of forests, especially if there are open areas nearby where they can find food.
  8. Rooftops and Man-Made Structures:
    • Rock pigeons frequently roost and nest on rooftops, balconies, and other man-made structures. They may build nests on window sills, ledges, and other sheltered areas.


  1. Seeds and Grains:
    • Pigeons are particularly fond of seeds and grains. They readily consume a variety of seeds, including those from grasses, weeds, and cultivated crops such as wheat, corn, barley, and oats.
  2. Fruits and Berries:
    • Rock pigeons may eat a variety of fruits and berries when they are in season. This can include items like cherries, grapes, and berries that are available in gardens and orchards.
  3. Green Vegetation:
    • Pigeons may consume green vegetation, including leaves, grasses, and young shoots. They may forage for these items in parks, gardens, and agricultural fields.
  4. Insects:
    • While plant matter forms the bulk of their diet, rock pigeons are known to consume insects and small invertebrates, especially during the breeding season. Insects provide additional protein for their diet.
  5. Bread and Human Food:
    • In urban areas, pigeons often scavenge for human food scraps, including bread, popcorn, and other items people may feed them. However, feeding pigeons bread is not recommended, as it lacks essential nutrients and can be detrimental to their health.
  6. Mineral Sources:
    • Pigeons may also seek out sources of minerals, such as grit and small pebbles, which they ingest to aid in the digestion of their food in their gizzard.
  7. Food from Bird Feeders:
    • Rock pigeons are known to visit bird feeders, particularly those stocked with seeds and grains. They may compete with other bird species for access to these resources.


  1. Wild Rock Pigeons: In their natural habitat, wild rock pigeons typically have a lifespan of about 3 to 5 years. They face various challenges, including predators, diseases, and environmental hazards, which can limit their lifespan.
  2. Captive Rock Pigeons: When kept in captivity, such as in zoos or as pets, rock pigeons can live significantly longer. In captivity, they can live up to 15 years or more, with proper care and a safe environment.

wingspan: The wingspan of a rock pigeon, also known as a common pigeon (Columba livia), typically ranges from about 64 to 72 centimeters (25 to 28 inches).


  1. Cooing: The most well-known sound associated with rock pigeons is their soft and rhythmic cooing. This cooing sound is often described as “coo-COO-coo” and is typically used by males to attract females during courtship. It can also be heard as part of territorial displays.
  2. Nesting Calls: When rock pigeons are at their nest sites, they may produce soft cooing or murmuring sounds to communicate with their mates or their young.
  3. Alarm Calls: Rock pigeons have a series of alarm calls that they use to warn other pigeons in the flock of potential threats. These alarm calls are often short, sharp, and repetitive, serving as an alert for other pigeons to take flight or seek cover.
  4. Grunts and Bill Claps: In certain social interactions, rock pigeons may produce grunting sounds and clap their bills together. These sounds are often associated with dominance or aggression displays among pigeons.
  5. Wing Whistles: When flying, rock pigeons may produce a distinctive whistling sound as air passes through their wing feathers. This sound can be heard when they take off or land, and it can be used for communication during flight.
  6. Coos and Gurgles: Pigeons also make a variety of softer coos and gurgling sounds as part of their social interactions. These sounds are often used to maintain bonds within pairs or flocks.
  7. Purring: Pigeons can produce a purring sound when they are content or relaxed. It’s a soft, soothing sound that is often heard when pigeons are resting or preening.


  1. Breeding Season: Rock pigeons can breed year-round, particularly in regions with mild climates and consistent food sources. However, their breeding activity tends to increase during the spring and summer months when temperatures are warmer and food is more abundant. During this time, they may establish nesting sites and raise their young.
  2. Year-Round Activity: In urban and suburban areas, rock pigeons are often active throughout the year, as they have access to artificial food sources such as bird feeders, discarded human food, and sheltered nesting sites in buildings. These resources allow them to thrive in various weather conditions.
  3. Seasonal Movements: In some regions, rock pigeons may exhibit seasonal movements related to food availability. For example, they may congregate near agricultural fields during the harvest season to feed on spilled grains. However, they are not migratory birds in the traditional sense and do not undertake long-distance migrations.
  4. Shelter Seeking: During adverse weather conditions, such as heavy rain, strong winds, or extreme cold, rock pigeons seek shelter in buildings, trees, or other protected areas to avoid the harsh weather. They are known for their adaptability in finding shelter during inclement conditions.

5. White-winged Dove

white winged dove
white winged dove

scientific name: Zenaida asiatica

size: The size of a white-winged dove in Georgia, as well as in other parts of its range, typically ranges from 9 to 11 inches (23 to 28 centimeters) in length.

how to identify:

  1. Size and Shape:
    • White-winged doves are medium-sized birds, measuring about 9 to 11 inches (23 to 28 centimeters) in length with a wingspan of 15 to 18 inches (38 to 46 centimeters).
    • They have a plump body and a relatively long, tapered tail.
  2. Plumage:
    • Adult white-winged doves have pale grayish-brown plumage on their upperparts.
    • Their head and neck are pale gray with a pinkish hue, and they often have a small, blue eye ring.
    • One of the key identifying features is the presence of a distinctive white wing patch on the upper side of each wing, visible during flight or when the wings are partially spread.
    • Their underparts are lighter in color, often with a pinkish wash on the chest and belly.
  3. Bill and Legs:
    • They have a relatively short, stubby bill that is pale and grayish.
    • Their legs are reddish-pink, which can be visible when they are perched.
  4. Behavior and Vocalization:
    • White-winged doves are often seen perched in trees or foraging on the ground for seeds, fruits, and grains.
    • They have a distinctive cooing call that sounds like “who-who-who” or “coo-coo-coo,” which can help you identify them by sound.
  5. Range:
    • In Georgia, white-winged doves are typically found in the southern part of the state, especially in areas with suitable habitat, such as open woodlands, agricultural fields, and suburban areas.
  6. Range Maps and Field Guides:
    • You can consult bird field guides specific to the southeastern United States or use birding apps and websites that provide range maps and photos to help confirm the identification.


  1. Woodlands: White-winged doves can be found in open woodlands and forested areas, especially those with a mix of trees and shrubs. They often nest in trees and may forage on the ground in these habitats.
  2. Urban and Suburban Areas: These doves are adaptable and have adapted well to urban and suburban environments. They are often seen in parks, gardens, and residential areas with suitable trees for nesting and feeding.
  3. Agricultural Fields: White-winged doves are attracted to agricultural areas with access to grain crops, such as corn and wheat. They may feed on spilled grains in fields.
  4. Riparian Zones: They are often found near water sources, such as rivers, streams, and ponds, where they can drink and find food like seeds, fruits, and insects.
  5. Open Country: White-winged doves may also inhabit open country with a mix of grassland and scattered trees, where they can find both food and perching sites.
  6. Feeding Habits: Their diet primarily consists of seeds, fruits, and grains, so they are often found in areas where these food sources are abundant. Bird feeders with appropriate food can attract them to backyard settings.

diet: The diet of white-winged doves in Georgia, as in their entire range, is primarily herbivorous and consists of a variety of plant-based foods. Here are the main components of their diet:

  1. Seeds: White-winged doves are seed eaters and often feed on a wide range of seeds from different plant species. They commonly consume seeds from grasses, weeds, and various cultivated plants. In agricultural areas, they may feed on grains such as corn and wheat.
  2. Fruits: They also eat fruits, especially when they are in season. This can include berries, small fruits, and even fruits from ornamental trees and shrubs found in suburban and urban environments.
  3. Grains: In agricultural settings, white-winged doves may forage on the ground for spilled grains, taking advantage of food resources in fields.
  4. Insects: While plant material makes up the bulk of their diet, white-winged doves may occasionally consume insects, particularly during the breeding season. Insects provide a source of protein and other nutrients.
  5. Wildflowers: They may eat the seeds of wildflowers and other plants found in their habitat.

lifespan: On average, white-winged doves have a lifespan of about 5 to 15 years in the wild.

wingspan: The wingspan of a white-winged dove in Georgia, as well as in other parts of its range, typically ranges from about 15 to 18 inches (38 to 46 centimeters).


  1. Cooing Call: This is the most characteristic and often heard call of the white-winged dove. It is a soft, mournful cooing sound, often described as “who-who-who” or “coo-coo-coo.” It’s commonly associated with the bird’s presence and is used for communication between individuals.
  2. Advertising Call: During the breeding season, males may produce a series of rapid coos to attract females. This call can be more enthusiastic and louder than the typical cooing call.
  3. Wing Whistle: In flight, white-winged doves produce a distinctive whistling sound from their wings, which can help in identifying them even when they are not visible.
  4. Alarm Call: When disturbed or threatened, white-winged doves may emit a sharp, high-pitched “scolding” call as an alarm signal to alert others of potential danger.
  5. Nesting and Courtship Calls: During courtship and nesting, white-winged doves may engage in more complex vocalizations and interactions as they establish and defend territories and communicate with potential mates.


  1. Spring (March to May):
    • Spring marks the beginning of the breeding season for white-winged doves in Georgia.
    • During this time, they engage in courtship displays, build nests, and lay eggs.
    • You may hear more of their cooing and advertising calls as they establish territories and attract mates.
  2. Summer (June to August):
    • Summer is the peak of the breeding season for white-winged doves in Georgia.
    • They continue to raise their young, and you may see pairs attending nests and feeding their chicks.
    • Juvenile white-winged doves become more visible as they leave the nest and learn to fly.
  3. Fall (September to November):
    • In the fall, white-winged doves may begin their migration southward.
    • Some individuals may stay in Georgia year-round, especially in the southern parts of the state where milder winters prevail.
    • Fall is a time when you might observe more migratory activity, as some populations move to warmer regions.
  4. Winter (December to February):
    • During the winter months, white-winged doves that are not migratory may continue to inhabit areas of Georgia with suitable food sources and shelter.
    • They are known to be opportunistic feeders and may forage on seeds and fruits available during the winter.

frequently asked question : doves in georgia

Certainly! Here are some frequently asked questions about the five types of doves in Georgia:

1. What are the five types of doves commonly found in Georgia?

The five types of doves frequently observed in Georgia are the Mourning Dove, Eurasian Collared Dove, White-winged Dove, Common Ground Dove, and the Inca Dove.

2. When is the best time to spot doves in Georgia?

Doves are most active during the early morning and late afternoon, making these the best times for birdwatching. Spring and early summer are also great seasons for dove watching in Georgia.

3. Where can I find doves in Georgia?

Doves can be found in various habitats across Georgia, including open fields, forests, urban areas, and near bodies of water. Specific locations to spot them include wildlife refuges, parks, and natural areas.

4. How can I identify different dove species in Georgia?

Identification can be based on several factors, including size, plumage color, markings, and calls. Using field guides or birding apps can be helpful for accurate identification.

5. Are doves in Georgia migratory birds?

Some dove species in Georgia, like the Mourning Dove and White-winged Dove, are migratory, while others, like the Eurasian Collared Dove, are year-round residents. Understanding their migration patterns can aid in sighting opportunities.


In conclusion, the diverse and captivating world of doves in Georgia offers both seasoned birdwatchers and budding enthusiasts an opportunity to connect with the state’s rich natural heritage. From the hauntingly beautiful call of the Mourning Dove to the striking presence of the Eurasian Collared Dove, and the subtle charm of the Common Ground Dove, these five dove species bring a touch of elegance to the Georgia landscape.

By adhering to responsible birdwatching practices, such as staying quiet, respecting nesting sites, and using binoculars, we can not only witness these enchanting creatures up close but also contribute to their conservation. Georgia’s doves remind us of the importance of preserving their habitats and ensuring that future generations can continue to appreciate their presence in the state.

So, as you venture into Georgia’s parks, refuges, and natural areas, keep your eyes to the sky and your ears tuned to the gentle coos and calls of these avian residents. In doing so, you’ll discover a world of tranquility, beauty, and wonder within the graceful flight of the five types of doves that call Georgia home.

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